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Chad Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
15,833,116 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 48.12% (male 3,856,001 /female 3,763,622)
15-24 years: 19.27% (male 1,532,687 /female 1,518,940)
25-54 years: 26.95% (male 2,044,795 /female 2,222,751)
55-64 years: 3.25% (male 228,930 /female 286,379)
65 years and over: 2.39% (male 164,257 /female 214,754) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 100.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 95.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 15.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 15.3 years
female: 16.3 years
Population growth rate
3.23% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
43 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
10.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 23.3% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 3.88% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.372 million N'DJAMENA (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.8 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
17.9 years (2014/15 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 71.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 77.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 65.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 57.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 55.7 years
female: 59.3 years
Total fertility rate
5.9 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
5.7% (2014/15)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.3% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
120,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
3,100 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 71.8% of population
rural: 44.8% of population
total: 50.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 28.2% of population
rural: 55.2% of population
total: 49.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 31.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 6.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 12.1% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 68.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 93.5% of population (2015 est.)
total: 87.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2016)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2016)
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2016)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2016)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2016)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2016)
Nationality
noun: Chadian(s)
adjective: Chadian
Ethnic groups
Sara (Ngambaye/Sara/Madjingaye/Mbaye) 30.5%, Kanembu/Bornu/Buduma 9.8%, Arab 9.7%, Wadai/Maba/Masalit/Mimi 7%, Gorane 5.8%, Masa/Musseye/Musgum 4.9%, Bulala/Medogo/Kuka 3.7%, Marba/Lele/Mesme 3.5%, Mundang 2.7%, Bidiyo/Migaama/Kenga/Dangleat 2.5%, Dadjo/Kibet/Muro 2.4%, Tupuri/Kera 2%, Gabri/Kabalaye/Nanchere/Somrai 2%, Fulani/Fulbe/Bodore 1.8%, Karo/Zime/Peve 1.3%, Baguirmi/Barma 1.2%, Zaghawa/Bideyat/Kobe 1.1%, Tama/Assongori/Mararit 1.1%, Mesmedje/Massalat/Kadjakse 0.8%, other Chadian ethnicities 3.4%, Chadians of foreign ethnicities 0.9%, foreign nationals 0.3%, unspecified 1.7% (2014-15 est.)
Religions
Muslim 52.1%, Protestant 23.9%, Roman Catholic 20%, animist 0.3%, other Christian 0.2%, none 2.8%, unspecified 0.7% (2014-15 est.)
Demographic profile

Despite the start of oil production in 2003, 40% of Chad’s population lives below the poverty line. The population will continue to grow rapidly because of the country’s very high fertility rate and large youth cohort – more than 65% of the populace is under the age of 25 – although the mortality rate is high and life expectancy is low. Chad has the world’s third highest maternal mortality rate. Among the primary risk factors are poverty, anemia, rural habitation, high fertility, poor education, and a lack of access to family planning and obstetric care. Impoverished, uneducated adolescents living in rural areas are most affected. To improve women’s reproductive health and reduce fertility, Chad will need to increase women’s educational attainment, job participation, and knowledge of and access to family planning. Only about a quarter of women are literate, less than 5% use contraceptives, and more than 40% undergo genital cutting.

As of October 2017, more than 320,000 refugees from Sudan and more than 75,000 from the Central African Republic strain Chad’s limited resources and create tensions in host communities. Thousands of new refugees fled to Chad in 2013 to escape worsening violence in the Darfur region of Sudan. The large refugee populations are hesitant to return to their home countries because of continued instability. Chad was relatively stable in 2012 in comparison to other states in the region, but past fighting between government forces and opposition groups and inter-communal violence have left nearly 60,000 of its citizens displaced in the eastern part of the country.

Languages
French (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
total population: 22.3%
male: 31.3%
female: 14% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 6 years (2014)
Education expenditures
2.9% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate
1,140 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
29.4% (2015)
Health expenditures
4.5% (2016)
Physicians density
0.05 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
6.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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