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Chad Demographics Profile 2018

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Population12,075,985 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.02% (male 2,634,817/female 2,560,790)
15-24 years: 21.46% (male 1,267,944/female 1,324,115)
25-54 years: 28.62% (male 1,574,782/female 1,881,183)
55-64 years: 3.88% (male 206,627/female 261,586)
65 years and over: 3.02% (male 150,364/female 213,777) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 100.2
youth dependency ratio: 95.2
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 17.8 years
male: 16.8 years
female: 18.8 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.86% (2017 est.)
Birth rate35.6 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate13.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-3.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 22.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.7% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationN'DJAMENA (capital) 1.26 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth17.9 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014/15 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 85.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 90.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 79.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 50.6 years
male: 49.4 years
female: 51.9 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.34 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate5.7% (2014/15)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.3% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS110,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,800 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 71.8% of population
rural: 44.8% of population
total: 50.8% of population
urban: 28.2% of population
rural: 55.2% of population
total: 49.2% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 31.4% of population
rural: 6.5% of population
total: 12.1% of population
urban: 68.6% of population
rural: 93.5% of population
total: 87.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Chadian(s)
adjective: Chadian
Ethnic groupsSara (Ngambaye/Sara/Madjingaye/Mbaye) 30.5%, Kanembu/Bornu/Buduma 9.8%, Arab 9.7%, Wadai/Maba/Masalit/Mimi 7%, Gorane 5.8%, Masa/Musseye/Musgum 4.9%, Bulala/Medogo/Kuka 3.7%, Marba/Lele/Mesme 3.5%, Mundang 2.7%, Bidiyo/Migaama/Kenga/Dangleat 2.5%, Dadjo/Kibet/Muro 2.4%, Tupuri/Kera 2%, Gabri/Kabalaye/Nanchere/Somrai 2%, Fulani/Fulbe/Bodore 1.8%, Karo/Zime/Peve 1.3%, Baguirmi/Barma 1.2%, Zaghawa/Bideyat/Kobe 1.1%, Tama/Assongori/Mararit 1.1%, Mesmedje/Massalat/Kadjakse 0.8%, other Chadian ethnicities 3.4%, Chadians of foreign ethnicities 0.9%, foreign nationals 0.3%, unspecified 1.7% (2014-15 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 52.1%, Protestant 23.9%, Roman Catholic 20%, animist 0.3%, other Christian 0.2%, none 2.8%, unspecified 0.7% (2014-15 est.)
Demographic profileDespite the start of oil production in 2003, 40% of Chad’s population lives below the poverty line. The population will continue to grow rapidly because of the country’s very high fertility rate and large youth cohort – more than 65% of the populace is under the age of 25 – although the mortality rate is high and life expectancy is low. Chad has the world’s third highest maternal mortality rate. Among the primary risk factors are poverty, anemia, rural habitation, high fertility, poor education, and a lack of access to family planning and obstetric care. Impoverished, uneducated adolescents living in rural areas are most affected. To improve women’s reproductive health and reduce fertility, Chad will need to increase women’s educational attainment, job participation, and knowledge of and access to family planning. Only about a quarter of women are literate, less than 5% use contraceptives, and more than 40% undergo genital cutting.
As of October 2017, more than 320,000 refugees from Sudan and more than 75,000 from the Central African Republic strain Chad’s limited resources and create tensions in host communities. Thousands of new refugees fled to Chad in 2013 to escape worsening violence in the Darfur region of Sudan. The large refugee populations are hesitant to return to their home countries because of continued instability. Chad was relatively stable in 2012 in comparison to other states in the region, but past fighting between government forces and opposition groups and inter-communal violence have left nearly 60,000 of its citizens displaced in the eastern part of the country.
LanguagesFrench (official), Arabic (official), Sara (in south), more than 120 different languages and dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic
total population: 22.3%
male: 31.3%
female: 14% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 7 years
male: 9 years
female: 6 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,475,960
percentage: 48% (2010 est.)
Education expenditures2.9% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate856 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight28.8% (2015)
Health expenditures3.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.04 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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