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Cambodia Demographics Profile 2018

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Population16,204,486
note: estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.01% (male 2,537,753/female 2,487,633)
15-24 years: 18.36% (male 1,471,965/female 1,503,977)
25-54 years: 40.68% (male 3,229,901/female 3,361,475)
55-64 years: 5.69% (male 374,663/female 547,971)
65 years and over: 4.25% (male 258,584/female 430,564) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 55.6
youth dependency ratio: 49.2
elderly dependency ratio: 6.4
potential support ratio: 15.6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 25.3 years
male: 24.6 years
female: 26 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.52% (2017 est.)
Birth rate23 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 21.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 2.73% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationPHNOM PENH (capital) 1.731 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.65 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.6 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.9 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 47.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 53.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 40.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 64.9 years
male: 62.4 years
female: 67.5 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.52 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate56.3% (2014)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.6% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS71,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths1,800 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 69.1% of population
total: 75.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 30.9% of population
total: 24.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88.1% of population
rural: 30.5% of population
total: 42.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 11.9% of population
rural: 69.5% of population
total: 57.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Cambodian(s)
adjective: Cambodian
Ethnic groupsKhmer 97.6%, Cham 1.2%, Chinese 0.1%, Vietnamese 0.1%, other 0.9% (2013 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 96.9%, Muslim 1.9%, Christian 0.4%, other 0.8% (2008 est.)
LanguagesKhmer (official) 96.3%, other 3.7% (2008 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77.2%
male: 84.5%
female: 70.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2008)
Education expenditures1.9% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate161 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight23.9% (2014)
Health expenditures5.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density0.7 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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