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Brunei Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
450,565 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 22.82% (male 52,995 /female 49,836)
15-24 years: 16.8% (male 37,707 /female 37,985)
25-54 years: 46.9% (male 100,740 /female 110,596)
55-64 years: 8.3% (male 18,859 /female 18,551)
65 years and over: 5.17% (male 11,336 /female 11,960) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 38.4 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 32.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 17.6 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 30.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 30 years
female: 31 years
Population growth rate
1.55% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
16.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
3.7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
2.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 77.9% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.66% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
241,000 BANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) (2011)

note: the boundaries of the capital city were expanded in 2007, greatly increasing the city area; the population of the capital increased tenfold

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 9.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 11.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 75.2 years
female: 80 years
Total fertility rate
1.77 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Nationality
noun: Bruneian(s)
adjective: Bruneian
Ethnic groups
Malay 65.7%, Chinese 10.3%, other 24% (2016 est.)
Religions
Muslim (official) 78.8%, Christian 8.7%, Buddhist 7.8%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 4.7% (2011 est.)
Languages
Malay (Bahasa Melayu) (official), English, Chinese dialects
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97.5%
female: 94.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2017)
Education expenditures
4.4% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
31 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
9.6% (2009)
Health expenditures
2.3% (2016)
Physicians density
1.77 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
2.7 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
14.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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