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Brunei Demographics Profile 2018

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Population443,593 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 23.12% (male 52,862/female 49,717)
15-24 years: 17.05% (male 37,637/female 38,005)
25-54 years: 46.75% (male 99,203/female 108,198)
55-64 years: 8.23% (male 18,537/female 17,974)
65 years and over: 4.84% (male 10,440/female 11,020) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 38.4
youth dependency ratio: 32.8
elderly dependency ratio: 5.7
potential support ratio: 17.6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.2 years
male: 29.7 years
female: 30.7 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.57% (2017 est.)
Birth rate17 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate3.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate2.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 77.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.52% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBANDAR SERI BEGAWAN (capital) 241,000
note: the boundaries of the capital city were expanded in 2007, greatly increasing the city area; the population of the capital increased tenfold (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 11.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.3 years
male: 75 years
female: 79.8 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.78 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Nationalitynoun: Bruneian(s)
adjective: Bruneian
Ethnic groupsMalay 65.7%, Chinese 10.3%, other 24% (2016 est.)
ReligionsMuslim (official) 78.8%, Christian 8.7%, Buddhist 7.8%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 4.7% (2011 est.)
LanguagesMalay (Bahasa Melayu) (official), English, Chinese dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97.5%
female: 94.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Education expenditures3.7% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate23 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight9.6% (2009)
Health expenditures2.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.47 physicians/1,000 population (2012)
Hospital bed density2.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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