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Benin Geography Profile 2018

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Nigeria and Togo
Geographic coordinates9 30 N, 2 15 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 112,622 sq km
land: 110,622 sq km
water: 2,000 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Land boundariestotal: 2,123 km
border countries (4): Burkina Faso 386 km, Niger 277 km, Nigeria 809 km, Togo 651 km
Coastline121 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 200 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Terrainmostly flat to undulating plain; some hills and low mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 273 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Sokbaro 658 m
Natural resourcessmall offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber
Land useagricultural land: 31.3%
arable land 22.9%; permanent crops 3.5%; permanent pasture 4.9%
forest: 40%
other: 28.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land230 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthe population is primarily located in the south, with the highest concentration of people residing in and around the cities on the Atlantic coast; most of the north remains sparsely populated with higher concentrations of residents in the west
Natural hazardshot, dry, dusty harmattan wind may affect north from December to March
Environment - current issuesinadequate supplies of potable water; poaching threatens wildlife populations; deforestation; desertification
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notesandbanks create difficult access to a coast with no natural harbors, river mouths, or islands

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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