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Belize Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
385,854 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 33.61% (male 66,207 /female 63,466)
15-24 years: 18.74% (male 37,184 /female 35,127)
25-54 years: 37.43% (male 70,222 /female 74,187)
55-64 years: 5.88% (male 11,397 /female 11,284)
65 years and over: 4.35% (male 8,293 /female 8,487) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 56.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 50.9 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 17 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 23.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 23.2 years
female: 24.4 years
Population growth rate
1.8% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
22.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
4.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 45.9% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
23,000 BELMOPAN (capital) (2018)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.98 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 12 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 13.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.7 years (2018 est.)
male: 73.1 years
female: 76.3 years
Total fertility rate
2.8 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
51.4% (2015/16)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
1.9% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
4,900 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<200 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 93.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 88.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 90.5% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 6.5% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 11.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 9.5% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Belizean(s)
adjective: Belizean
Ethnic groups
mestizo 52.9%, Creole 25.9%, Maya 11.3%, Garifuna 6.1%, East Indian 3.9%, Mennonite 3.6%, white 1.2%, Asian 1%, other 1.2%, unknown 0.3% (2010 est.)

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin

Religions
Roman Catholic 40.1%, Protestant 31.5% (includes Pentecostal 8.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.4%, Anglican 4.7%, Mennonite 3.7%, Baptist 3.6%, Methodist 2.9%, Nazarene 2.8%), Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, other 10.5% (includes Baha'i, Buddhist, Hindu, Mormon, Muslim, Rastafarian, Salvation Army), unspecified 0.6%, none 15.5% (2010 est.)
Demographic profile

Migration continues to transform Belize's population. About 16% of Belizeans live abroad, while immigrants constitute approximately 15% of Belize's population. Belizeans seeking job and educational opportunities have preferred to emigrate to the United States rather than former colonizer Great Britain because of the United States' closer proximity and stronger trade ties with Belize. Belizeans also emigrate to Canada, Mexico, and English-speaking Caribbean countries. The emigration of a large share of Creoles (Afro-Belizeans) and the influx of Central American immigrants, mainly Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and Hondurans, has changed Belize's ethnic composition. Mestizos have become the largest ethnic group, and Belize now has more native Spanish speakers than English or Creole speakers, despite English being the official language. In addition, Central American immigrants are establishing new communities in rural areas, which contrasts with the urbanization trend seen in neighboring countries. Recently, Chinese, European, and North American immigrants have become more frequent.

Immigration accounts for an increasing share of Belize's population growth rate, which is steadily falling due to fertility decline. Belize's declining birth rate and its increased life expectancy are creating an aging population. As the elderly population grows and nuclear families replace extended households, Belize's government will be challenged to balance a rising demand for pensions, social services, and healthcare for its senior citizens with the need to reduce poverty and social inequality and to improve sanitation.

Languages
English 62.9% (official), Spanish 56.6%, Creole 44.6%, Maya 10.5%, German 3.2%, Garifuna 2.9%, other 1.8%, unknown 0.3%, none 0.2% (cannot speak) (2010 est.)

note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2017)
Education expenditures
7.1% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
36 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4.6% (2015)
Health expenditures
6.1% (2016)
Physicians density
1.13 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.3 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
24.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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