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Belgium Demographics Profile 2018

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Population11,491,346 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 17.16% (male 1,010,201/female 961,994)
15-24 years: 11.34% (male 665,483/female 637,700)
25-54 years: 40.05% (male 2,320,845/female 2,281,411)
55-64 years: 12.86% (male 732,062/female 746,212)
65 years and over: 18.58% (male 929,594/female 1,205,844) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 54.2
youth dependency ratio: 26.2
elderly dependency ratio: 28
potential support ratio: 3.6 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.4 years
male: 40.2 years
female: 42.7 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.7% (2017 est.)
Birth rate11.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.7 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate5.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 97.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.36% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBRUSSELS (capital) 2.045 million; Antwerp 994,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth28.6 years (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 81.1 years
male: 78.5 years
female: 83.8 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.78 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate66.8%
note: percent of women aged 15-54 (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 99.4% of population
total: 99.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 0.6% of population
total: 0.5% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Belgian(s)
adjective: Belgian
Ethnic groupsBelgian 75%, Italian 4.1%, Moroccan 3.7%, French 2.4%, Turkish 2%, Dutch 2%, other 12.8% (2011 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 50%, Protestant and other Christian 2.5%, Muslim 5%, Jewish 0.4%, Buddhist 0.3%, atheist 9.2%, none 32.6% (2009 est.)
LanguagesDutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 20 years
male: 19 years
female: 21 years (2014)
Education expenditures6.4% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate7 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures10.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.97 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density6.5 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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