Flag of Belgium

Belgium Demographics Profile

Home > Factbook > Countries > Belgium

Population
11,720,716 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 17.22% (male 1,033,383/female 984,624)
15-24 years: 11.2% (male 670,724/female 642,145)
25-54 years: 39.23% (male 2,319,777/female 2,278,450)
55-64 years: 13.14% (male 764,902/female 775,454)
65 years and over: 19.21% (male 988,148/female 1,263,109) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 57
youth dependency ratio: 26.7
elderly dependency ratio: 30.2
potential support ratio: 3.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 41.6 years
male: 40.4 years
female: 42.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
0.63% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
11.1 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
9.8 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
4.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 98.1% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.62% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.081 million BRUSSELS (capital), 1.042 million Antwerp (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 97.2 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
29 years (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.4 years
male: 78.8 years
female: 84.2 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.77 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
66.7% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths
NA
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Belgian(s)
adjective: Belgian
Ethnic groups
Belgian 75.2%, Italian 4.1%, Moroccan 3.7%, French 2.4%, Turkish 2%, Dutch 2%, other 10.6% (2012 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant and other Christian 2.5%, Muslim 5%, Jewish 0.4%, Buddhist 0.3%, atheist 9.2%, none 32.6% (2009 est.)
Languages
Dutch (official) 60%, French (official) 40%, German (official) less than 1%
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 20 years
male: 19 years
female: 21 years (2018)
Education expenditures
6.5% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
10.3% (2017)
Physicians density
3.07 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
5.7 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
22.1% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

Demographics Comparison