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Belarus Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
9,527,543 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.91% (male 779,577 /female 736,481)
15-24 years: 9.96% (male 488,240 /female 460,673)
25-54 years: 44.49% (male 2,089,202 /female 2,149,486)
55-64 years: 14.42% (male 607,368 /female 766,238)
65 years and over: 15.22% (male 467,299 /female 982,979) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 43.8 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 23.2 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 20.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.9 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 40.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 37.4 years
female: 43.3 years
Population growth rate
-0.24% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
10 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
13.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 79% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.44% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.017 million MINSK (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female
total population: 0.87 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
25.7 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.2 years (2018 est.)
male: 67.8 years
female: 79 years
Total fertility rate
1.49 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
72.1% (2017)
note:  percent of women 18-49
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.5% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
27,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 99.1% of population
total: 99.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0.9% of population
total: 0.3% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 94.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 95.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 94.3% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 5.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 4.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 5.7% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Belarusian(s)
adjective: Belarusian
Ethnic groups
Belarusian 83.7%, Russian 8.3%, Polish 3.1%, Ukrainian 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.9% (2009 est.)
Religions
Orthodox 48.3%, Catholic 7.1%, other 3.5%, non-believers 41.1% (2011 est.)
Languages
Russian (official) 70.2%, Belarusian (official) 23.4%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3% (2009 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.7%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2017)
Education expenditures
4.8% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
6.3% (2016)
Physicians density
4.08 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density
11 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
24.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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