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Belarus Demographics Profile

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Population
9,477,918 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 16.09% (male 784,231/female 740,373)
15-24 years: 9.59% (male 467,393/female 441,795)
25-54 years: 43.94% (male 2,058,648/female 2,105,910)
55-64 years: 14.45% (male 605,330/female 763,972)
65 years and over: 15.93% (male 493,055/female 1,017,211) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 48.9
youth dependency ratio: 25.7
elderly dependency ratio: 23.2
potential support ratio: 4.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 40.9 years
male: 38 years
female: 43.9 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.27% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
9.5 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
13.1 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 79.5% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.44% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.028 million MINSK (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.79 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.48 male(s)/female
total population: 87 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.5 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 3.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 3.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 73.8 years
male: 68.3 years
female: 79.5 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.5 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
72.1% (2017)
note:  percent of women aged 18-49
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
28,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<200 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.8% of population
rural: 97.9% of population
total: 99.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.2% of population
rural: 2.1% of population
total: 0.6% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Belarusian(s)
adjective: Belarusian
Ethnic groups
Belarusian 83.7%, Russian 8.3%, Polish 3.1%, Ukrainian 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.9% (2009 est.)
Religions
Orthodox 48.3%, Catholic 7.1%, other 3.5%, non-believers 41.1% (2011 est.)
Languages
Russian (official) 70.2%, Belarusian (official) 23.4%, other 3.1% (includes small Polish- and Ukrainian-speaking minorities), unspecified 3.3% (2009 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.8%
male: 99.8%
female: 99.7% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.8% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
5.9% (2017)
Physicians density
5.19 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
10.8 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
24.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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