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Bahrain Geography Profile 2018

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LocationMiddle East, archipelago in the Persian Gulf, east of Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates26 00 N, 50 33 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 760 sq km
land: 760 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline161 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: extending to boundaries to be determined
Climatearid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Terrainmostly low desert plain rising gently to low central escarpment
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal ad Dukhan 135 m
Natural resourcesoil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls
Land useagricultural land: 11.3%
arable land 2.1%; permanent crops 3.9%; permanent pasture 5.3%
forest: 0.7%
other: 88% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land40 sq km (2012)
Population distributionsmallest population of the Gulf States, but urbanization rate exceeds 90%; largest settlement concentration is found on the far northern end of the island in and around Manamah and Al Muharraq
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; dust storms
Environment - current issuesdesertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land, periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations; lack of freshwater resources (groundwater and seawater are the only sources for all water needs)
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteclose to primary Middle Eastern petroleum sources; strategic location in Persian Gulf, through which much of the Western world's petroleum must transit to reach open ocean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018