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Bahrain Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
1,442,659 (July 2018 est.)

note: immigrants make up approximately 48% of the total population, according to UN data (2017)

Age structure
0-14 years: 18.88% (male 138,309 /female 134,067)
15-24 years: 15.49% (male 126,564 /female 96,834)
25-54 years: 56.06% (male 527,417 /female 281,391)
55-64 years: 6.49% (male 59,404 /female 34,284)
65 years and over: 3.08% (male 22,258 /female 22,131) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 30.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 27.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 3 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 33.1 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 32.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 34 years
female: 29.8 years
Population growth rate
2.19% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
13.1 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
2.8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
11.6 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 89.4% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 4.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
600,000 MANAMA (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.31 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.87 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.73 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female
total population: 1.54 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 8.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 9.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 79.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 76.9 years
female: 81.5 years
Total fertility rate
1.73 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2017 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 99.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 99.2% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 0.8% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Bahraini(s)
adjective: Bahraini
Ethnic groups
Bahraini 46%, Asian 45.5%, other Arab 4.7%, African 1.6%, European 1%, other 1.2% (includes Gulf Co-operative country nationals, North and South Americans, and Oceanians) (2010 est.)
Religions
Muslim 73.7%, Christian 9.3%, Jewish 0.1%, other 16.9% (2017 est.)
Languages
Arabic (official), English, Farsi, Urdu
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 96.9%
female: 93.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2017)
Education expenditures
2.3% of GDP (2017)
Maternal mortality rate
14 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
4.9% (2016)
Physicians density
0.93 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
2 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
29.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019