Thematic Map > Total fertility rate - Africa

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Definition: This entry gives a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age. The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman. This indicator shows the potential for population change in the country. A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers. Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labor force. Rates below two children indicate populations decreasing in size and growing older. Global fertility rates are in general decline and this trend is most pronounced in industrialized countries, especially Western Europe, where populations are projected to decline dramatically over the next 50 years.

Description: The map displayed here shows how Total fertility rate varies by country. The shade of the country corresponds to the magnitude of the indicator. The darker the shade, the higher the value.

Source: CIA World Factbook - Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of January 1, 2017

See also: Total fertility rate bar chart

 

CountryTotal fertility rate (children born/woman)Year
Niger72016
Burundi62016
Mali62016
Somalia62016
Uganda62016
Burkina Faso62016
Zambia62016
Malawi62016
Angola52016
Mozambique52016
Nigeria52016
Ethiopia52016
Benin52016
Tanzania52016
Guinea52016
Sierra Leone52016
Cameroon52016
Congo, Republic of the52016
Liberia52016
Congo, Democratic Republic of the52016
Equatorial Guinea42016
Rwanda42016
Chad42016
Gabon42016
Togo42016
Sao Tome and Principe42016
Senegal42016
Central African Republic42016
Guinea-Bissau42016
Madagascar42016
Eritrea42016
Ghana42016
Mauritania42016
Western Sahara42016
Sudan42016
Gambia, The42016
Egypt42016
Zimbabwe42016
Comoros32016
Cote d'Ivoire32016
Namibia32016
Kenya32016
Algeria32016
Swaziland32016
Lesotho32016
Djibouti22016
South Africa22016
Botswana22016
Cape Verde22016
Morocco22016
Libya22016
Tunisia22016
Seychelles22016
Mauritius22016