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Iran Demographics Profile 2018

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Population82,021,564 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.19% (male 10,154,424/female 9,690,512)
15-24 years: 14.69% (male 6,174,435/female 5,878,475)
25-54 years: 48.57% (male 20,316,773/female 19,522,673)
55-64 years: 7.22% (male 2,920,111/female 2,999,525)
65 years and over: 5.32% (male 2,026,594/female 2,338,042) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 40.2
youth dependency ratio: 33.1
elderly dependency ratio: 7.1
potential support ratio: 14.2 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 30.3 years
male: 30 years
female: 30.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.24% (2017 est.)
Birth rate17.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 74.4% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.78% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationTEHRAN (capital) 8.432 million; Mashhad 3.014 million; Esfahan 1.88 million; Karaj 1.807 million; Shiraz 1.661 million; Tabriz 1.572 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.86 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 17 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74 years
male: 72.7 years
female: 75.5 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.97 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate77.4% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS66,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,000 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.7% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.3% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 92.8% of population
rural: 82.3% of population
total: 90% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.2% of population
rural: 17.7% of population
total: 10% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Iranian(s)
adjective: Iranian
Ethnic groupsPersian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes
ReligionsMuslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4% (2011 est.)
LanguagesPersian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, other
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 86.8%
male: 91.2%
female: 82.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Education expenditures2.9% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate25 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight4.1% (2011)
Health expenditures6.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.49 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital bed density0.1 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate25.8% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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