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Republic of India

Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]
Anthem: "Jana Gana Mana"[2][3]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[4][2]
National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[a][1][2]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green
CapitalNew Delhi
28°36′50″N77°12′30″E / 28.61389°N 77.20833°E / 28.61389; 77.20833
Largest city
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
National languageNone[9][10][11]
Religion
See Religion in India
Demonym(s)Indian
MembershipUN, WTO, BRICS, SAARC, SCO, G8+5, G20, Commonwealth of Nations
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryconstitutional republic
Ram Nath Kovind
Venkaiah Naidu
Narendra Modi
Sharad Arvind Bobde
Om Birla
LegislatureParliament
Rajya Sabha
Lok Sabha
Independence 
15 August 1947
26 January 1950
Area
• Total
3,287,263[6] km2 (1,269,219 sq mi)[c] (7th)
• Water (%)
9.6
Population
• 2018 estimate
Increase1,352,642,280[13][14] (2nd)
• 2011 census
1,210,854,977[15][16] (2nd)
• Density
404.0/km2 (1,046.4/sq mi) (31st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $11.326 trillion[17] (3rd)
• Per capita
Increase $8,378[17] (119th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.936 trillion[17] (5th)
• Per capita
Increase $2,172[17] (142nd)
Gini (2013)33.9[18]
medium · 79th
HDI (2017)Increase 0.640[19]
medium · 130th
CurrencyIndian rupee () (INR)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
DST is not observed
Date format
  • dd-mm-yyyy
  • yyyy-mm-dd[d]
Driving sideleft
Calling code+91
ISO 3166 codeIN
Internet TLD.in (others)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019


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