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Zambia Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSouthern Africa, east of Angola, south of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Geographic coordinates15 00 S, 30 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 752,618 sq km
land: 743,398 sq km
water: 9,220 sq km
Area - comparativealmost five times the size of Georgia; slightly larger than Texas
Land boundariestotal: 6,043.15 km
border countries (8): Angola 1,065 km, Botswana 0.15 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,332 km, Malawi 847 km, Mozambique 439 km, Namibia 244 km, Tanzania 353 km, Zimbabwe 763 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (October to April)
Terrainmostly high plateau with some hills and mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 1,138 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Zambezi river 329 m
highest point: unnamed elevation in Mafinga Hills 2,301 m
Natural resourcescopper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
Land useagricultural land: 31.7%
arable land 4.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 26.9%
forest: 66.3%
other: 2% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,560 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsperiodic drought; tropical storms (November to April)
Environment - current issuesair pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds; poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations; deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zimbabwe; Lake Kariba on the Zambia-Zimbabwe border forms the world's largest reservoir by volume (180 cu km; 43 cu mi)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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