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Zambia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population14,222,233 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 46.2% (male 3,300,339/female 3,271,389)
15-24 years: 20% (male 1,423,026/female 1,425,654)
25-54 years: 28.5% (male 2,042,023/female 2,009,511)
55-64 years: 2.9% (male 193,758/female 213,927)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 147,705/female 194,901) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 97 %
youth dependency ratio: 91.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 %
potential support ratio: 19.4 (2013)
Median agetotal: 16.7 years
male: 16.5 years
female: 16.8 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.89% (2013 est.)
Birth rate42.79 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate13.17 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.75 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 39.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.15% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationLUSAKA (capital) 1.413 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.2 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 68.58 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 74.16 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 62.84 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.51 years
male: 49.93 years
female: 53.14 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate5.81 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate40.8% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate13.5% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS980,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths45,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 46% of population
total: 61% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 54% of population
total: 39% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 57% of population
rural: 43% of population
total: 48% of population
unimproved:
urban: 43% of population
rural: 57% of population
total: 52% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Zambian(s)
adjective: Zambian
Ethnic groupsAfrican 99.5% (includes Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Lunda, and other African groups), other 0.5% (includes Europeans, Asians, and Americans) (2000 Census)
ReligionsChristian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Languages11 Bantu languages (Bemba (official) 30.1%, Nyanja (official) 10.7%, Tonga (official) 10.6%, Lozi (official) 5.7%, Chewa 4.9%, Nsenga 3.4%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (official) 2.2%, Kaonde (official) 2%, Lala 2%, Luvale (official) 1.7%), English (official) 1.7%, other 22.5% (2000 Census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 61.4%
male: 71.9%
female: 51.8% (2007 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2000)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,000,850
percentage: 41 %
note: data represents children ages 7-14 (2005 est.)
Education expenditures1.4% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate440 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.9% (2007)
Health expenditures6.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.066 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.6% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013