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Zambia Demographics Profile 2014

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Population14,638,505
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 46.2% (male 3,393,388/female 3,362,850)
15-24 years: 20% (male 1,465,009/female 1,467,555)
25-54 years: 28.5% (male 2,105,768/female 2,072,314)
55-64 years: 2.9% (male 199,098/female 222,214)
65 years and over: 2.4% (male 151,471/female 198,838) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 96.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 91.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.1 %
potential support ratio: 19.6 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 16.7 years
male: 16.6 years
female: 16.8 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.88% (2014 est.)
Birth rate42.46 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate12.92 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.72 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 39.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.15% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationLUSAKA (capital) 1.802 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.2
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 66.62 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 72.15 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 60.94 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.83 years
male: 50.24 years
female: 53.48 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate5.76 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate40.8% (2007)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate12.7% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,106,400 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths30,300 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 84.8% of population
rural: 49.2% of population
total: 63.3% of population
unimproved:
urban: 15.2% of population
rural: 50.8% of population
total: 36.7% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 33.9% of population
total: 42.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 66.1% of population
total: 57.2% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Zambian(s)
adjective: Zambian
Ethnic groupsBemba 21%, Tonga 13.6%, Chewa 7.4%, Lozi 5.7%, Nsenga 5.3%, Tumbuka 4.4%, Ngoni 4%, Lala 3.1%, Kaonde 2.9%, Namwanga 2.8%, Lunda (north Western) 2.6%, Mambwe 2.5%, Luvale 2.2%, Lamba 2.1%, Ushi 1.9%, Lenje 1.6%, Bisa 1.6%, Mbunda 1.2%, other 13.8%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.)
ReligionsProtestant 75.3%, Roman Catholic 20.2%, other 2.7% (includes Muslim Buddhist, Hindu, and Baha'i), none 1.8% (2010 est.)
LanguagesBembe 33.4%, Nyanja 14.7%, Tonga 11.4%, Lozi 5.5%, Chewa 4.5%, Nsenga 2.9%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (North Western) 1.9%, Kaonde 1.8%, Lala 1.8%, Lamba 1.8%, English (official) 1.7%, Luvale 1.5%, Mambwe 1.3%, Namwanga 1.2%, Lenje 1.1%, Bisa 1%, other 9.2%, unspecified 0.4%
note: Zambia is said to have over 70 languages, although many of these may be considered dialects; all of Zambia's major languages are members of the Bantu family (2010 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write English
total population: 61.4%
male: 71.9%
female: 51.8% (2007 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 13 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,000,850
percentage: 41 %
note: data represents children ages 7-14 (2005 est.)
Education expenditures1.3% of GDP (2008)
Maternal mortality rate440 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.9% (2007)
Health expenditures6.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.6% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014