West Bank Geography Profile 2013

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LocationMiddle East, west of Jordan, east of Israel
Geographic coordinates32 00 N, 35 15 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 5,860 sq km
land: 5,640 sq km
water: 220 sq km
note: includes West Bank, Latrun Salient, and the northwest quarter of the Dead Sea, but excludes Mt. Scopus; East Jerusalem and Jerusalem No Man's Land are also included only as a means of depicting the entire area occupied by Israel in 1967
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Delaware
Land boundariestotal: 404 km
border countries: Israel 307 km, Jordan 97 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; temperature and precipitation vary with altitude, warm to hot summers, cool to mild winters
Terrainmostly rugged dissected upland, some vegetation in west, but barren in east
Elevation extremeslowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Tall Asur 1,022 m
Natural resourcesarable land
Land usearable land: 7.39%
permanent crops: 10.96%
other: 81.64% (2011)
Irrigated land240 sq km; note - includes Gaza Strip (2003)
Natural hazardsdroughts
Environment - current issuesadequacy of freshwater supply; sewage treatment
Geography - notelandlocked; highlands are main recharge area for Israel's coastal aquifers; there are about 355 Israeli civilian sites including about 145 small outpost communities in the West Bank and 32 sites in East Jerusalem (2010 est.)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013