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Vietnam Geography Profile 2014

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LocationSoutheastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, Gulf of Tonkin, and South China Sea, as well as China, Laos, and Cambodia
Geographic coordinates16 10 N, 107 50 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: 331,210 sq km
land: 310,070 sq km
water: 21,140 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than New Mexico
Land boundariestotal: 4,616 km
border countries: Cambodia 1,158 km, China 1,297 km, Laos 2,161 km
Coastline3,444 km (excludes islands)
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)
Terrainlow, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest
Elevation extremeslowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Fan Si Pan 3,144 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, coal, manganese, rare earth elements, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower
Land usearable land: 19.64%
permanent crops: 11.18%
other: 69.18% (2011)
Irrigated land45,850 sq km (2005)
Total renewable water resources884.1 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 82.03 cu km/yr (1%/4%/95%)
per capita: 965 cu m/yr (2005)
Natural hazardsoccasional typhoons (May to January) with extensive flooding, especially in the Mekong River delta
Environment - current issueslogging and slash-and-burn agricultural practices contribute to deforestation and soil degradation; water pollution and overfishing threaten marine life populations; groundwater contamination limits potable water supply; growing urban industrialization and population migration are rapidly degrading environment in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteextending 1,650 km north to south, the country is only 50 km across at its narrowest point

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014