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Vietnam Demographics Profile 2014

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Population93,421,835 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.3% (male 11,946,656/female 10,800,602)
15-24 years: 17.8% (male 8,598,360/female 8,023,377)
25-54 years: 44.8% (male 20,983,638/female 20,861,243)
55-64 years: 7.4% (male 3,149,494/female 3,763,309)
65 years and over: 5.7% (male 2,034,721/female 3,260,435) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.3 %
youth dependency ratio: 31.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.4 %
potential support ratio: 10.6 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 29.2 years
male: 28.1 years
female: 30.2 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1% (2014 est.)
Birth rate16.26 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate5.93 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.32 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 31% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.03% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationHo Chi Minh City 6.405 million; HANOI (capital) 2.955 million; Haiphong 925,000; Da Nang 834,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2002 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 18.99 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.35 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.91 years
male: 70.44 years
female: 75.65 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate1.85 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate77.8% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS259,200 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths11,700 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.2% of population
rural: 93.6% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.8% of population
rural: 6.4% of population
total: 5% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 93.1% of population
rural: 66.6% of population
total: 75% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.9% of population
rural: 33.4% of population
total: 25% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groupsKinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3% (1999 census)
ReligionsBuddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
LanguagesVietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.4%
male: 95.4%
female: 91.4% (2011 est.)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,545,616
percentage: 16 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures6.3% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate59 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12% (2011)
Health expenditures6.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.22 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density2.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014