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Vietnam Demographics Profile 2013

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Population92,477,857 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.6% (male 11,931,623/female 10,807,661)
15-24 years: 18.4% (male 8,796,395/female 8,215,536)
25-54 years: 44.4% (male 20,554,252/female 20,551,460)
55-64 years: 7% (male 2,936,340/female 3,517,538)
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 1,986,839/female 3,180,213) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 41.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 32.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 9.3 %
potential support ratio: 10.7 (2013)
Median agetotal: 28.7 years
male: 27.6 years
female: 29.7 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.03% (2013 est.)
Birth rate16.56 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate5.94 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 31% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.03% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationHo Chi Minh City 5.976 million; HANOI (capital) 2.668 million; Haiphong 1.941 million; Da Nang 807,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.83 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth22.6 (2002 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 19.61 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 19.97 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.19 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 72.65 years
male: 70.2 years
female: 75.4 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.87 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate77.8% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS280,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths14,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 93% of population
total: 95% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1% of population
rural: 7% of population
total: 5% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 94% of population
rural: 68% of population
total: 76% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6% of population
rural: 32% of population
total: 24% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Vietnamese (singular and plural)
adjective: Vietnamese
Ethnic groupsKinh (Viet) 85.7%, Tay 1.9%, Thai 1.8%, Muong 1.5%, Khmer 1.5%, Mong 1.2%, Nung 1.1%, others 5.3% (1999 census)
ReligionsBuddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census)
LanguagesVietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.4%
male: 95.4%
female: 91.4% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 10 years (2001)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 2,545,616
percentage: 16 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures6.6% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate59 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight20.2% (2008)
Health expenditures6.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.224 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density2.2 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate1.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013