United Arab Emirates Geography Profile 2017

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LocationMiddle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates24 00 N, 54 00 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 83,600 sq km
land: 83,600 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than South Carolina; slightly smaller than Maine
Land boundariestotal: 1,066 km
border countries (2): Oman 609 km, Saudi Arabia 457 km
Coastline1,318 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatedesert; cooler in eastern mountains
Terrainflat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert; mountains in east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 149 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas
Land useagricultural land: 4.6%
arable land 0.5%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 3.6%
forest: 3.8%
other: 91.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land923 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation is heavily concentrated to the northeast on the Musandam Peninsula; the three largest emirates - Abu Dhabi, Dubai, and Sharjah - are home to nearly 85% of the population
Natural hazardsfrequent sand and dust storms
Environment - current issueslack of natural freshwater resources compensated by desalination plants; desertification; beach pollution from oil spills
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - notestrategic location along southern approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a vital transit point for world crude oil

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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