Flag of Uganda

Uganda Demographics Profile 2016

Home > Factbook > Countries > Uganda

Population38,319,241
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 48.26% (male 9,223,926/female 9,268,714)
15-24 years: 21.13% (male 4,010,464/female 4,087,350)
25-54 years: 26.1% (male 5,005,264/female 4,997,907)
55-64 years: 2.5% (male 460,000/female 496,399)
65 years and over: 2.01% (male 337,787/female 431,430) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 102.3%
youth dependency ratio: 97.3%
elderly dependency ratio: 5%
potential support ratio: 19.9% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 15.7 years
male: 15.6 years
female: 15.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate3.22% (2016 est.)
Birth rate43.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 16.1% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 5.43% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKAMPALA (capital) 1.936 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.79 male(s)/female
total population: 0.78 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 57.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 66.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 48.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 55.4 years
male: 54 years
female: 56.9 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate5.8 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate30% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate7.07% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,461,700 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths28,200 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.5% of population
rural: 75.8% of population
total: 79% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.5% of population
rural: 24.2% of population
total: 21% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 28.5% of population
rural: 17.3% of population
total: 19.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 71.5% of population
rural: 82.7% of population
total: 80.9% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-Gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Ugandan(s)
adjective: Ugandan
Ethnic groupsBaganda 16.9%, Banyankole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census)
LanguagesEnglish (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.4%
male: 85.3%
female: 71.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 10 years
female: 10 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 117,266
percentage: 25%
note: data represent children ages 5-17 (2010 est.)
Education expenditures2.2% of GDP (2013)
Maternal mortality rate343 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.1% (2011)
Health expenditures7.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.12 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density0.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate3.9% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

Demographics Comparison