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Uganda Demographics Profile 2014

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Population35,918,915
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 48.7% (male 8,714,354/female 8,765,900)
15-24 years: 21.2% (male 3,775,679/female 3,833,574)
25-54 years: 25.7% (male 4,618,088/female 4,615,616)
55-64 years: 2.4% (male 405,740/female 447,118)
65 years and over: 2.1% (male 327,771/female 415,075) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 102.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 97.5 %
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9 %
potential support ratio: 20.5 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 15.5 years
male: 15.5 years
female: 15.6 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate3.24% (2014 est.)
Birth rate44.17 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate10.97 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.76 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 15.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 5.74% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationKAMPALA (capital) 1.659 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 60.82 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 70.17 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 51.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 54.46 years
male: 53.1 years
female: 55.86 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate5.97 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate30% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate7.2% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,549,200 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths63,300 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 94.8% of population
rural: 71% of population
total: 74.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5.2% of population
rural: 29% of population
total: 25.2% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 32.8% of population
rural: 34.1% of population
total: 33.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 67.2% of population
rural: 65.9% of population
total: 66.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-Gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Ugandan(s)
adjective: Ugandan
Ethnic groupsBaganda 16.9%, Banyankole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, other 29.6% (2002 census)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census)
LanguagesEnglish (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 73.2%
male: 82.6%
female: 64.6% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 117,266
percentage: 25 %
note: data represents children ages 5-17 working in the (2010 est.)
Education expenditures3.3% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate310 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight14.1% (2011)
Health expenditures9.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.12 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density0.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.3% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014