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Kingdom of Tonga
Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God and Tonga are my Inheritance"
Anthem: Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga
The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands
Capital
and largest city
Nukuʻalofa
21°08′S175°12′W / 21.133°S 175.200°W / -21.133; -175.200
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2016[1])
ReligionFree Wesleyan Church of Tonga[2]
DemonymTongan
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional monarchy
 • MonarchTupou VI
 • Prime MinisterʻAkilisi Pohiva
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Independence
 • from Britishprotection4 June 1970 
Area
 • Total748 km2 (186th)
289 sq mi
 • Water (%)4.0
Population
 • 2011 census103,036[3]
 • Density139/km2 (76tha)
360/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
 • Total$763 million[4]
 • Per capita$7,344[4]
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
 • Total$439 million[4]
 • Per capita$4,220[4]
HDI (2014)Increase 0.717[5]
high ·100th
CurrencyPaʻanga (TOP)
Time zone(UTC+13)
DST not observed
Drives on theleft
Calling code+676
ISO 3166 codeTO
Internet TLD.to
a.Based on 2005 figures.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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