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Togo Geography Profile 2017

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the Bight of Benin, between Benin and Ghana
Geographic coordinates8 00 N, 1 10 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 56,785 sq km
land: 54,385 sq km
water: 2,400 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than West Virginia
Land boundariestotal: 1,880 km
border countries (3): Benin 651 km, Burkina Faso 131 km, Ghana 1,098 km
Coastline56 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 30 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid in south; semiarid in north
Terraingently rolling savanna in north; central hills; southern plateau; low coastal plain with extensive lagoons and marshes
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 236 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Agou 986 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, limestone, marble, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 67.4%
arable land 45.2%; permanent crops 3.8%; permanent pasture 18.4%
forest: 4.9%
other: 27.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land70 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardshot, dry harmattan wind can reduce visibility in north during winter; periodic droughts
Environment - current issuesdeforestation attributable to slash-and-burn agriculture and the use of wood for fuel; water pollution presents health hazards and hinders the fishing industry; air pollution increasing in urban areas
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe country's length allows it to stretch through six distinct geographic regions; climate varies from tropical to savanna

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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