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Timor-Leste Geography Profile 2013

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LocationSoutheastern Asia, northwest of Australia in the Lesser Sunda Islands at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago; note - Timor-Leste includes the eastern half of the island of Timor, the Oecussi (Ambeno) region on the northwest portion of the island of Timor, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco
Geographic coordinates8 50 S, 125 55 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: 14,874 sq km
land: 14,874 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Connecticut
Land boundariestotal: 228 km
border countries: Indonesia 228 km
Coastline706 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid; distinct rainy and dry seasons
Terrainmountainous
Elevation extremeslowest point: Timor Sea, Savu Sea, and Banda Sea 0 m
highest point: Foho Tatamailau 2,963 m
Natural resourcesgold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Land usearable land: 10.09%
permanent crops: 4.03%
other: 85.88% (2011)
Irrigated land346.5 sq km (2003)
Natural hazardsfloods and landslides are common; earthquakes; tsunamis; tropical cyclones
Environment - current issueswidespread use of slash and burn agriculture has led to deforestation and soil erosion
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteTimor comes from the Malay word for "East"; the island of Timor is part of the Malay Archipelago and is the largest and easternmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands
Geography Comparison

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013