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Thailand Demographics Profile 2013

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Population67,448,120 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 19.2% (male 6,620,873/female 6,313,188)
15-24 years: 15.1% (male 5,181,468/female 4,975,083)
25-54 years: 45.6% (male 15,192,334/female 15,569,761)
55-64 years: 10.4% (male 3,345,493/female 3,661,867)
65 years and over: 9.8% (male 2,971,426/female 3,616,627) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 38.6 %
youth dependency ratio: 25.2 %
elderly dependency ratio: 13.5 %
potential support ratio: 7.4 (2013)
Median agetotal: 35.1 years
male: 34.2 years
female: 36.1 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate0.52% (2013 est.)
Birth rate12.66 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate7.47 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.1% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.6% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBANGKOK (capital) 6.902 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (1987 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 15.41 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 16.38 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 14.39 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.05 years
male: 71.66 years
female: 76.58 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.66 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate79.6% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.3% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS530,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths28,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97% of population
rural: 95% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3% of population
rural: 5% of population
total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 95% of population
rural: 96% of population
total: 96% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5% of population
rural: 4% of population
total: 4% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Thai (singular and plural)
adjective: Thai
Ethnic groupsThai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
ReligionsBuddhist (official) 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census)
LanguagesThai, English (secondary language of the elite), ethnic and regional dialects
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.5%
male: 95.6%
female: 91.5% (2005 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 12 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2009)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 818,399
percentage: 8 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures3.8% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate48 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight7% (2006)
Health expenditures4.1% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.298 physicians/1,000 population (2004)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.8% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013