Flag of Tajikistan

Tajikistan Geography Profile 2017

Home > Factbook > Countries > Tajikistan

LocationCentral Asia, west of China, south of Kyrgyzstan
Geographic coordinates39 00 N, 71 00 E
Map referencesAsia
Areatotal: 144,100 sq km
land: 141,510 sq km
water: 2,590 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Wisconsin
Land boundariestotal: 4,130 km
border countries (4): Afghanistan 1,357 km, China 477 km, Kyrgyzstan 984 km, Uzbekistan 1,312 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatemid-latitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir Mountains
Terrainmountainous region dominated by the Trans-Alay Range in the north and the Pamirs in the southeast; western Fergana Valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 3,186 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Syr Darya (Sirdaryo) 300 m
highest point: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m
Natural resourceshydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Land useagricultural land: 34.7%
arable land 6.1%; permanent crops 0.9%; permanent pasture 27.7%
forest: 2.9%
other: 62.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land7,420 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthe country's population is concentrated at lower elevations, with perhaps as much as 90% of the people living in valleys; overall density increases from east to west
Natural hazardsearthquakes; floods
Environment - current issuesinadequate sanitation facilities; increasing levels of soil salinity; industrial pollution; excessive pesticides
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Environmental Modification, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; highest point, Qullai Ismoili Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), was the tallest mountain in the former USSR

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

Geography Comparison