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Swiss Confederation
  • Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft  (German)
  • Confédération suisse  (French)
  • Confederazione Svizzera  (Italian)
  • Confederaziun svizra  (Romansh)
  • Confoederatio Helvetica (CH)  (Latin)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Latin)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of  Swizerland  (green)in Europe  (green & dark grey)
Location of  Swizerland  (green)

in Europe  (green & dark grey)

CapitalNone (de jure)
Bern(de facto)[note 1][1]
46°57′N7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Largest cityZürich
Official
languages
[2]
German; French; Italian; Romansh
DemonymSwiss
GovernmentFederalmulti-partydirectorial republic with thorough elements of direct democracy
 - Federal Council
 - Federal ChancellorCorina Casanova
LegislatureFederal Assembly
 - Upper houseCouncil of States
 - Lower houseNational Council
History
 - Foundation datec. 1300[note 2] celebrated on 1 August 1291 
 - Treaty of Basel (1499)22 September 1499 
 - Peace of Westphalia24 October 1648 
 - Restauration7 August 1815 
 - Federal state12 September 1848[3] 
Area
 - Total41,285 km2 (135th)
15,940 sq mi
 - Water (%)4.2
Population
 - September 2014 estimate8,211,700[4] (96th)
 - 2013 census8,139,600[5]
 - Density198/km2 (65th)
477.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$480.938 billion[6] (39th)
 - Per capita$58,731[6] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$688.434 billion[6] (19th)
 - Per capita$84,070[6] (2nd)
Gini (2011)29.7[7]
low
HDI (2013)Steady 0.917[8]
very high ·3rd
CurrencySwiss franc (CHF)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+41
Patron saintSt Nicholas of Flüe
ISO 3166 codeCH
Internet TLD.ch
Website
http://www.admin.ch

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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