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Swiss Confederation
  • Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft  (German)
  • Confédération suisse  (French)
  • Confederazione Svizzera  (Italian)
  • Confederaziun svizra  (Romansh)
  • Confoederatio Helvetica  (Latin)
Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Latin)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of  Switzerland  (green)in Europe  (green & dark grey)
Location of  Switzerland  (green)

in Europe  (green & dark grey)

CapitalNone (de jure)
Bern(de facto)[note 1][1][2]
46°57′N7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Largest cityZürich
Official languagesGerman
French
Italian
Romansh
DemonymEnglish: Swiss,
German: Schweizer(in),
French: Suisse(sse),
Italian: svizzero/svizzera, or elvetico/elvetica,
Romansh: Svizzer/Svizra
GovernmentFederal semi-direct democracy under multi-partyparliamentarydirectorial republic
Walter Thurnherr
LegislatureFederal Assembly
Council of States
National Council
History
c. 1300[note 2] (traditionally 1 August 1291)
24 October 1648
7 August 1815
12 September 1848[note 3][3]
Area
• Total
41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi) (135th)
• Water (%)
4.2
Population
• 2016 estimate
8,401,120[4] (99th)
• 2015 census
8,327,126[5]
• Density
202/km2 (523.2/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$493.126 billion[6] (39th)
• Per capita
$59,150[6] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$651.770 billion[6] (19th)
• Per capita
$78,179[6] (2nd)
Gini (2015) 29.5[7]
low · 19th
HDI (2015)Increase 0.939[8]
very high · 2nd
CurrencySwiss franc (CHF)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+41
Patron saintSt Nicholas of Flüe
ISO 3166 codeCH
Internet TLD.ch

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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