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Swiss Confederation
  • Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft  (German)
  • Confédération suisse  (French)
  • Confederazione Svizzera  (Italian)
  • Confederaziun svizra  (Romansh)
  • Confoederatio Helvetica (CH)  (Latin)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Latin)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of  Switzerland  (green)in Europe  (green & dark grey)
Location of  Switzerland  (green)

in Europe  (green & dark grey)

CapitalNone (de jure)
Bern(de facto)[note 1][1][2]
46°57′N7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Largest cityZürich
Official languagesGerman
French
Italian
Romansh
DemonymEnglish: Swiss,
German: Schweizer(in),
French: Suisse(sse),
Italian: svizzero/svizzera, or elvetico/elvetica,
Romansh: Svizzer/Svizra
GovernmentFederalmulti-partydirectorial republic with thorough elements of direct democracy
 • Federal Council
 • Federal ChancellorWalter Thurnherr
LegislatureFederal Assembly
 • Upper houseCouncil of States
 • Lower houseNational Council
History
 • Foundation datec. 1300[note 2] (traditionally 1 August 1291) 
 • Peace of Westphalia24 October 1648 
 • Restoration7 August 1815 
 • Federal state12 September 1848[3] 
Area
 • Total41,285 km2 (135th)
15,940 sq mi
 • Water (%)4.2
Population
 • September 2014 estimate8,341,000[4] (96th)
 • 2013 census8,139,600[5]
 • Density198/km2 (65th)
477.4/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$493.126 billion[6] (39th)
 • Per capita$59,150[6] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$651.770 billion[6] (19th)
 • Per capita$78,179[6] (2nd)
Gini (2014) 28.5[7]
low ·18th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.930[8]
very high ·3rd
CurrencySwiss franc (CHF)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+41
Patron saintSt Nicholas of Flüe
ISO 3166 codeCH
Internet TLD.ch
Website
https://www.admin.ch

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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