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Swaziland Demographics Profile 2014

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Population1,419,623
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 36.5% (male 261,715/female 255,949)
15-24 years: 22.3% (male 160,283/female 156,685)
25-54 years: 33.2% (male 241,958/female 229,140)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 23,739/female 36,469)
65 years and over: 3.8% (male 21,321/female 32,364) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 69.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 63.7 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6 %
potential support ratio: 16.7 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 21 years
male: 20.7 years
female: 21.3 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate1.14% (2014 est.)
Birth rate25.18 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.75 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 21.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.19% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMBABANE (capital) 66,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006-07 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 54.82 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 58.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 50.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 50.54 years
male: 51.04 years
female: 50.04 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.88 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.2% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate26.5% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS212,900 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,500 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 68.9% of population
total: 74.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 31.1% of population
total: 25.9% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 63.1% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 57.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 36.9% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 42.5% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Swazi(s)
adjective: Swazi
Ethnic groupsAfrican 97%, European 3%
ReligionsZionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%
LanguagesEnglish (official, used for government business), siSwati (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.8%
male: 88.4%
female: 87.3% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 28,043
percentage: 9 % (2000 est.)
Education expenditures8.3% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate320 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.8% (2010)
Health expenditures8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014