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Swaziland Demographics Profile 2013

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Population1,403,362 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 36.9% (male 261,954/female 256,144)
15-24 years: 22.4% (male 158,947/female 155,421)
25-54 years: 32.7% (male 234,805/female 224,703)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 23,287/female 35,900)
65 years and over: 3.7% (male 21,042/female 31,159) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 70.4 %
youth dependency ratio: 64.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9 %
potential support ratio: 16.8 (2013)
Median agetotal: 20.7 years
male: 20.4 years
female: 21.1 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.17% (2013 est.)
Birth rate25.68 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate13.95 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 21.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 1.19% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMBABANE (capital) 74,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.65 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.5 (2007 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 57.19 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 61.21 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 53.04 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 50.01 years
male: 50.44 years
female: 49.56 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.96 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.2% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate25.9% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS180,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths7,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 91% of population
rural: 65% of population
total: 71% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9% of population
rural: 35% of population
total: 29% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 64% of population
rural: 55% of population
total: 57% of population
unimproved:
urban: 36% of population
rural: 45% of population
total: 43% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Swazi(s)
adjective: Swazi
Ethnic groupsAfrican 97%, European 3%
ReligionsZionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30%
LanguagesEnglish (official, used for government business), siSwati (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.8%
male: 88.4%
female: 87.3% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 28,043
percentage: 9 % (2000 est.)
Education expenditures8.2% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate320 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight6.1% (2007)
Health expenditures8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate19.7% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013