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Swaziland Demographics Profile 2016

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Population1,451,428
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 35.5% (male 260,507/female 254,811)
15-24 years: 22.19% (male 162,880/female 159,229)
25-54 years: 34.12% (male 256,696/female 238,471)
55-64 years: 4.28% (male 24,758/female 37,399)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 21,842/female 34,835) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 69.3%
youth dependency ratio: 63.2%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.1%
potential support ratio: 16.5% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 21.4 years
male: 21.2 years
female: 21.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.1% (2016 est.)
Birth rate24.3 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate13.4 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 21.3% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.32% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMBABANE (capital) 66,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.66 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.63 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006/07 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 50.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 54.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 46.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.6 years
male: 52.2 years
female: 51 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.74 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate65.2% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate28.8% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS218,600 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,800 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 93.6% of population
rural: 68.9% of population
total: 74.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 6.4% of population
rural: 31.1% of population
total: 25.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 63.1% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 57.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 36.9% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 42.5% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Swazi(s)
adjective: Swazi
Ethnic groupsAfrican 97%, European 3%
ReligionsZionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other 30% (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish)
LanguagesEnglish (official, used for government business), siSwati (official)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 87.5%
male: 87.4%
female: 87.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 12 years
female: 11 years (2013)
Education expenditures8.6% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate389 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.8% (2014)
Health expenditures9.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.17 physicians/1,000 population (2009)
Hospital bed density2.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14.8% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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