Flag of Singapore

Singapore Geography Profile 2017

Home > Factbook > Countries > Singapore

LocationSoutheastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
Geographic coordinates1 22 N, 103 48 E
Map referencesSoutheast Asia
Areatotal: 697 sq km
land: 687 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline193 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
Climatetropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - northeastern monsoon (December to March) and southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Terrainlowlying, gently undulating central plateau
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
Natural resourcesfish, deepwater ports
Land useagricultural land: 1%
arable land 0.9%; permanent crops 0.1%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 3.3%
other: 95.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the urbanization is along the southern coast, with relatively dense population clusters found in the central areas
Natural hazardsNA
Environment - current issuesindustrial pollution; limited natural freshwater resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notefocal point for Southeast Asian sea routes

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017