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Serbia Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSoutheastern Europe, between Macedonia and Hungary
Geographic coordinates44 00 N, 21 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 77,474 sq km
land: 77,474 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than South Carolina
Land boundariestotal: 2,322 km
border countries (8): Bosnia and Herzegovina 345 km, Bulgaria 344 km, Croatia 314 km, Hungary 164 km, Kosovo 366 km, Macedonia 101 km, Montenegro 157 km, Romania 531 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatein the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well-distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)
Terrainextremely varied; to the north, rich fertile plains; to the east, limestone ranges and basins; to the southeast, ancient mountains and hills
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 442 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Danube and Timok Rivers 35 m
highest point: Midzor 2,169 m
Natural resourcesoil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 57.9%
arable land 37.7%; permanent crops 3.4%; permanent pasture 16.8%
forest: 31.6%
other: 10.5% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land950 sq km (2012)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Natural hazardsdestructive earthquakes
Environment - current issuesair pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notecontrols one of the major land routes from Western Europe to Turkey and the Near East

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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