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Senegal Geography Profile 2017

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LocationWestern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Guinea-Bissau and Mauritania
Geographic coordinates14 00 N, 14 00 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 196,722 sq km
land: 192,530 sq km
water: 4,192 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than South Dakota
Land boundariestotal: 2,684 km
border countries (5): The Gambia 749 km, Guinea 363 km, Guinea-Bissau 341 km, Mali 489 km, Mauritania 742 km
Coastline531 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical; hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds; dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind
Terraingenerally low, rolling, plains rising to foothills in southeast
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 69 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation southwest of Kedougou 581 m
Natural resourcesfish, phosphates, iron ore
Land useagricultural land: 46.8%
arable land 17.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 29.1%
forest: 43.8%
other: 9.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,200 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardslowlands seasonally flooded; periodic droughts
Environment - current issueswildlife populations threatened by poaching; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification; overfishing
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notewesternmost country on the African continent; The Gambia is almost an enclave within Senegal

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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