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Senegal Demographics Profile 2017

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Population14,320,055 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.85% (male 3,011,233/female 2,981,128)
15-24 years: 20.36% (male 1,452,415/female 1,462,989)
25-54 years: 30.93% (male 2,031,035/female 2,398,788)
55-64 years: 3.91% (male 242,429/female 317,439)
65 years and over: 2.95% (male 189,201/female 233,398) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 87.6
youth dependency ratio: 82.1
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5
potential support ratio: 18.2 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.7 years
male: 17.8 years
female: 19.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.42% (2016 est.)
Birth rate34 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 43.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.59% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationDAKAR (capital) 3.52 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.4 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 50.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 61.7 years
male: 59.7 years
female: 63.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.36 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate23.3% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.52% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS45,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,200 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.9% of population
rural: 67.3% of population
total: 78.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.1% of population
rural: 32.7% of population
total: 21.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 65.4% of population
rural: 33.8% of population
total: 47.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 34.6% of population
rural: 66.2% of population
total: 52.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese
Ethnic groupsWolof 38.7%, Pular 26.5%, Serer 15%, Mandinka 4.2%, Jola 4%, Soninke 2.3%, other 9.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2010-11 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 95.4% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.2% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.4% (2010-11 est.)
Demographic profileSenegal has a large and growing youth population but has not been successful in developing its potential human capital. Senegal’s high total fertility rate of almost 4.5 children per woman continues to bolster the country’s large youth cohort – more than 60% of the population is under the age of 25. Fertility remains high because of the continued desire for large families, the low use of family planning, and early childbearing. Because of the country’s high illiteracy rate (more than 40%), high unemployment (even among university graduates), and widespread poverty, Senegalese youths face dim prospects; women are especially disadvantaged.
Senegal historically was a destination country for economic migrants, but in recent years West African migrants more often use Senegal as a transit point to North Africa – and sometimes illegally onward to Europe. The country also has been host to several thousand black Mauritanian refugees since they were expelled from their homeland during its 1989 border conflict with Senegal. The country’s economic crisis in the 1970s stimulated emigration; departures accelerated in the 1990s. Destinations shifted from neighboring countries, which were experiencing economic decline, civil wars, and increasing xenophobia, to Libya and Mauritania because of their booming oil industries and to developed countries (most notably former colonial ruler France, as well as Italy and Spain). The latter became attractive in the 1990s because of job opportunities and their periodic regularization programs (legalizing the status of illegal migrants).
Additionally, about 16,000 Senegalese refugees still remain in The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau as a result of more than 30 years of fighting between government forces and rebel separatists in southern Senegal’s Casamance region.
LanguagesFrench (official), Wolof, Pular, Jola, Mandinka, Serer, Soninke
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.7%
male: 69.7%
female: 46.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 9 years
female: 9 years (2015)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 657,216
percentage: 22% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures7.2% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate315 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.8% (2014)
Health expenditures4.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.3% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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