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Senegal Demographics Profile 2016

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Population14,320,055 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.85% (male 3,011,233/female 2,981,128)
15-24 years: 20.36% (male 1,452,415/female 1,462,989)
25-54 years: 30.93% (male 2,031,035/female 2,398,788)
55-64 years: 3.91% (male 242,429/female 317,439)
65 years and over: 2.95% (male 189,201/female 233,398) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 87.6%
youth dependency ratio: 82.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5%
potential support ratio: 18.2% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.7 years
male: 17.8 years
female: 19.6 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.42% (2016 est.)
Birth rate34 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-1.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 43.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.59% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationDAKAR (capital) 3.52 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.76 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.81 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 50.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 44.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 61.7 years
male: 59.7 years
female: 63.8 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate4.36 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate17.8% (2012/13)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.52% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS45,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,200 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 92.9% of population
rural: 67.3% of population
total: 78.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.1% of population
rural: 32.7% of population
total: 21.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 65.4% of population
rural: 33.8% of population
total: 47.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 34.6% of population
rural: 66.2% of population
total: 52.4% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Senegalese (singular and plural)
adjective: Senegalese
Ethnic groupsWolof 38.7%, Pular 26.5%, Serer 15%, Mandinka 4.2%, Jola 4%, Soninke 2.3%, other 9.3% (includes Europeans and persons of Lebanese descent) (2010-11 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 95.4% (most adhere to one of the four main Sufi brotherhoods), Christian 4.2% (mostly Roman Catholic), animist 0.4% (2010-11 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 57.7%
male: 69.7%
female: 46.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 8 years (2010)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 657,216
percentage: 22% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures5.6% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate315 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.8% (2014)
Health expenditures4.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.3 beds/1,000 population (2008)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate8.3% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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