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Saint Kitts and Nevis Geography Profile 2017

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LocationCaribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates17 20 N, 62 45 W
Map referencesCentral America and the Caribbean
Areatotal: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
land: 261 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline135 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climatetropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrainvolcanic with mountainous interiors
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Natural resourcesarable land
Land useagricultural land: 23.1%
arable land 19.2%; permanent crops 0.4%; permanent pasture 3.5%
forest: 42.3%
other: 34.6% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land8 sq km (2012)
Population distributionpopulation clusters are found in the small towns located on the periphery of both islands
Natural hazardshurricanes (July to October)
Environment - current issuesNA
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notesmallest country in the Americas and Western Hemisphere; with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017