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Rwanda Geography Profile 2016

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LocationCentral Africa, east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, north of Burundi
Geographic coordinates2 00 S, 30 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 26,338 sq km
land: 24,668 sq km
water: 1,670 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Maryland
Land boundariestotal: 930 km
border countries (4): Burundi 315 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 221 km, Tanzania 222 km, Uganda 172 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatetemperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
Terrainmostly grassy uplands and hills; relief is mountainous with altitude declining from west to east
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 1,598 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Rusizi River 950 m
highest point: Volcan Karisimbi 4,519 m
Natural resourcesgold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 74.5%
arable land 47%; permanent crops 10.1%; permanent pasture 17.4%
forest: 18%
other: 7.5% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land96 sq km (2012)
Total renewable water resources9.5 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 0.15 cu km/yr (33%/11%/55%)
per capita: 17.25 cu m/yr (2005)
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts; the volcanic Virunga Mountains are in the northwest along the border with Democratic Republic of the Congo
volcanism: Visoke (elev. 3,711 m), located on the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, is the country's only historically active volcano
Environment - current issuesdeforestation results from uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel; overgrazing; soil exhaustion; soil erosion; widespread poaching
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - notelandlocked; most of the country is savanna grassland with the population predominantly rural

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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