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Qatar Geography Profile 2017

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LocationMiddle East, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Geographic coordinates25 30 N, 51 15 E
Map referencesMiddle East
Areatotal: 11,586 sq km
land: 11,586 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativealmost twice the size of Delaware; slightly smaller than Connecticut
Land boundariestotal: 87 km
border countries (1): Saudi Arabia 87 km
Coastline563 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: as determined by bilateral agreements or the median line
Climatearid; mild, pleasant winters; very hot, humid summers
Terrainmostly flat and barren desert
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 28 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
highest point: Tuwayyir al Hamir 103 m
Natural resourcespetroleum, natural gas, fish
Land useagricultural land: 5.6%
arable land 1.1%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 4.3%
forest: 0%
other: 94.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land130 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is clustered in or around the capital of Doha on the eastern side of the peninsula
Natural hazardshaze, dust storms, sandstorms common
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources are increasing dependence on large-scale desalination facilities
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe peninsula occupies a strategic location in the central Persian Gulf near major petroleum deposits

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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