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Paraguay Geography Profile 2017

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LocationCentral South America, northeast of Argentina, southwest of Brazil
Geographic coordinates23 00 S, 58 00 W
Map referencesSouth America
Areatotal: 406,752 sq km
land: 397,302 sq km
water: 9,450 sq km
Area - comparativeabout three times the size of New York state; slightly smaller than California
Land boundariestotal: 4,655 km
border countries (3): Argentina 2,531 km, Bolivia 753 km, Brazil 1,371 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatesubtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
Terraingrassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 178 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
highest point: Cerro Pero 842 m
Natural resourceshydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Land useagricultural land: 53.8%
arable land 10.8%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 42.8%
forest: 43.8%
other: 2.4% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,362 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population resides in the eastern half of the country; to the west lies the Gran Chaco, which accounts for 60% of the land territory, but only 2% of the overall population
Natural hazardslocal flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal pose health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; population concentrated in southern part of country

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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