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Nigeria Demographics Profile 2013

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Population174,507,539 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 43.8% (male 39,127,615/female 37,334,281)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 17,201,067/female 16,451,357)
25-54 years: 30.1% (male 25,842,967/female 26,699,432)
55-64 years: 3.8% (male 3,016,896/female 3,603,048)
65 years and over: 3% (male 2,390,154/female 2,840,722) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 89 %
youth dependency ratio: 83.8 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 %
potential support ratio: 19.3 (2013)
Median agetotal: 17.9 years
male: 17.4 years
female: 18.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.54% (2013 est.)
Birth rate38.78 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate13.2 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-0.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 49.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.75% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationLagos 10.203 million; Kano 3.304 million; Ibadan 2.762 million; ABUJA (capital) 1.857 million; Kaduna 1.519 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.9 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 72.97 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 77.98 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 67.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 52.46 years
male: 49.35 years
female: 55.77 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate5.31 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate14.1% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate3.6% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3.3 million (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths220,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 74% of population
rural: 43% of population
total: 58% of population
unimproved:
urban: 26% of population
rural: 57% of population
total: 42% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 35% of population
rural: 27% of population
total: 31% of population
unimproved:
urban: 65% of population
rural: 73% of population
total: 69% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian
Ethnic groupsNigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
ReligionsMuslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.3%
male: 72.1%
female: 50.4% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2005)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 11,396,823
percentage: 29 % (2007 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate630 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight26.7% (2008)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.395 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.53 beds/1,000 population (2004)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013