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Nigeria Demographics Profile 2014

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Population177,155,754
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 43.2% (male 39,151,304/female 37,353,737)
15-24 years: 19.3% (male 17,486,117/female 16,732,533)
25-54 years: 30.5% (male 27,697,644/female 26,285,816)
55-64 years: 3.9% (male 3,393,631/female 3,571,301)
65 years and over: 3.1% (male 2,621,845/female 2,861,826) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 89.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 84 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2 %
potential support ratio: 19.3 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 18.2 years
male: 18.1 years
female: 18.3 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate2.47% (2014 est.)
Birth rate38.03 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.16 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-0.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 49.6% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.75% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationLagos 11.223 million; Kano 3.375 million; Ibadan 2.949 million; ABUJA (capital) 2.153 million; Port Harcourt 1.894 million; Kaduna 1.524 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.85 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.3
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 74.09 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 79.02 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 68.87 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 52.62 years
male: 51.63 years
female: 53.66 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate5.25 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate14.1% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate3.1% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS3,426,600 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths239,700 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 78.8% of population
rural: 49.1% of population
total: 64% of population
unimproved:
urban: 21.2% of population
rural: 50.9% of population
total: 36% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 30.8% of population
rural: 24.7% of population
total: 27.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 69.2% of population
rural: 75.3% of population
total: 72.2% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: leptospirosis and schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
animal contact disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Nigerian(s)
adjective: Nigerian
Ethnic groupsNigeria, Africa's most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups; the following are the most populous and politically influential: Hausa and Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo) 18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio 3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
ReligionsMuslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10%
LanguagesEnglish (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Fulani, over 500 additional indigenous languages
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 61.3%
male: 72.1%
female: 50.4% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2005)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 11,396,823
percentage: 29 % (2007 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate630 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight24.4% (2011)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.4 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density0.53 beds/1,000 population (2004)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate6.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014