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New Caledonia Geography Profile 2017

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LocationOceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Geographic coordinates21 30 S, 165 30 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 18,575 sq km
land: 18,275 sq km
water: 300 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline2,254 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; modified by southeast trade winds; hot, humid
Terraincoastal plains with interior mountains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
Natural resourcesnickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Land useagricultural land: 10.4%
arable land 0.4%; permanent crops 0.2%; permanent pasture 9.8%
forest: 45.9%
other: 43.7% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land100 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardscyclones, most frequent from November to March
volcanism: Matthew and Hunter Islands are historically active
Environment - current issueserosion caused by mining exploitation and forest fires
Geography - noteconsists of the main island of New Caledonia (one of the largest in the Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of Iles Loyaute, and numerous small, sparsely populated islands and atolls

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017