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Netherlands
Nederland  (Dutch)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Je maintiendrai" (French)
"Ik zal handhaven" (Dutch)
"I will uphold"[a]
Anthem: "Wilhelmus" (Dutch)
"'William"
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Amsterdam[b]
52°22′N4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883
Official languagesNational:Dutch
Regional:West Frisian, English, Papiamento[c]
Recognised regional languagesLimburgish, Dutch Low Saxon[c]
Ethnic groups (2014[1])
ReligionCatholicism 23.7%,[2]
Protestantism 10.2%,[3]
Islam 5.0%,[4]
other religions 6.0%[4]
DemonymDutch
Sovereign state Kingdom of the Netherlands
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 - MonarchWillem-Alexander
 - Prime MinisterMark Rutte
LegislatureStates General
 - Upper houseSenate
 - Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence from Spain
 - Proclaimed26 July 1581 
 - Recognised30 January 1648 
 - Kingdom established16 March 1815 
 - Constituent country15 December 1954 
Area
 - Total41,543 km2 (134th)
16,033 sq mi
 - Water (%)18.41
Population
 - 2015 estimate16,919,139[5] (63rd)
 - Density407.2/km2 (24th)
1,054.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
 - Total$818.249 billion[6] (27th)
 - Per capita$48,317 (15th)
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
 - Total$749.365 billion[6] (18th)
 - Per capita$44,249 (15th)
Gini (2011)25.8[7]
low ·111th
HDI (2013)Steady 0.915[8]
very high ·4th
Currency
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)[e]
AST(UTC-4)
 - Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
AST (UTC-4)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code
ISO 3166 codeNL
Internet TLD.nl, .bq, .frl[g]
a.^ The official motto is in French. The literal translation into English is "I will maintain"; a better translation, however, is "I will hold firm" or "I will uphold" (namely, the integrity and independence of the territory).[original research?]
b.^ While Amsterdam is the constitutional capital, The Hague is the seat of the government.
c.^West Frisian (Friesland),[9]Papiamento (Bonaire)[10] and English (Sint Eustatius and Saba)[10] have a formal status in certain parts of the country. Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised as regional languages by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages.
d.^ The euro is used in the European Netherlands and replaced the Dutch guilder in 2002. The US dollar is used in the Caribbean Netherlands and replaced the Netherlands Antillean guilder in 2011.[11]
e.^ CET and CEST are used in the European Netherlands, and AST is used in the Caribbean Netherlands.
f.^ 599 was the country code designated for the now dissolved Netherlands Antilles. The Caribbean Netherlands still use 599-7 (Bonaire), 599-3 (Sint Eustatius) and 599-4 (Saba).
g.^.nl is the common internet top level domain name for the Netherlands. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. .bq is designated, but not in use, for the Caribbean Netherlands. .frl is in use for websites in Frisian or related to the province of Fryslân, including the provincial government.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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