Location of the European Netherlands (dark green)
– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)
and largest city
52°22′N4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E
|Limburgish, Dutch Low Saxon[c]|
|Sovereign state|| Kingdom of the Netherlands|
|House of Representatives|
|Independence from Spanish Empire|
|26 July 1581|
|30 January 1648|
• Kingdom established
|16 March 1815|
|15 December 1954|
|10 October 2010|
|41,543 km2 (16,040 sq mi) (134th)|
• Water (%)
• 2017 estimate
|412.7/km2 (1,068.9/sq mi) (31st)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
|$907.619 billion (27th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2017 estimate|
|$762.694 billion (17th)|
• Per capita
|Gini (2015)|| 26.2|
low · 9th
|HDI (2015)|| 0.924|
very high · 7th
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)[f]|
|Drives on the||right|
|ISO 3166 code||NL|
|Internet TLD||.nl, .bq[h]|
- ^ The official motto is in French. The literal translation into English is "I will maintain"; a better translation, however, is "I will hold firm" or "I will uphold" (namely, the integrity and independence of the territory).
- ^In 1816 the motto was abbreviated to "God zij met ons" (Dutch). (Used on the edges of coins.)
- ^ While Amsterdam is the constitutional capital, The Hague is the seat of the government.
- ^West Frisian has official status in Friesland.Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised as regional languages by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Papiamento is recognised by the Dutch government in relation to Bonaire, and English in relation to Sint Eustatius and Saba.
- ^ The euro is used in the European part of the Netherlands and replaced the Dutch guilder in 2002. The US dollar is used in the Caribbean Netherlands and replaced the Netherlands Antillean guilder in 2011.
- ^ CET and CEST are used in the European Netherlands, and AST is used in the Caribbean Netherlands.
- ^ 599 was the country code designated for the now dissolved Netherlands Antilles. The Caribbean Netherlands still use 599–7 (Bonaire), 599–3 (Sint Eustatius) and 599–4 (Saba).
- ^.nl is the common internet top level domain name for the Netherlands. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. .bq is designated, but not in use, for the Caribbean Netherlands.