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Netherlands
Nederland  (Dutch)
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: "Je maintiendrai" (French)
"Ik zal handhaven" (Dutch)
"I will uphold"[a]
Anthem: "Wilhelmus" (Dutch)
"'William"
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of the  European Netherlands  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Location of the  Dutch special municipalities  (green)
Capital
and largest city
Amsterdam[c]
52°22′N4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883
Official languages
  •  • National
  •  • Regional
Recognised
regional languages
Limburgish, Dutch Low Saxon[c]
Ethnic groups (2015[1])
DemonymDutch
Sovereign state Kingdom of the Netherlands
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryconstitutional monarchy
 • MonarchWillem-Alexander
 • Prime MinisterMark Rutte
LegislatureStates General
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
Independence from Spanish Empire
 • Proclaimed26 July 1581 
 • Recognised30 January 1648 
 • Kingdom established16 March 1815 
 • Constituent country15 December 1954 
Area
 • Total41,543 km2 (134th)
16,033 sq mi
 • Water (%)18.41
Population
 • 2016 estimate17,000,059[2] (65th)
 • Density410.7/km2 (30th)
1,063.7/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$856.265 billion[3] (27th)
 • Per capita$50,339 (15th)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$762.521 billion[3] (17th)
 • Per capita$44,828 (15th)
Gini (2014)Negative increase 26.2[4]
low ·9th
HDI (2014)Increase 0.922[5]
very high ·5th
Currency
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)[f]
AST(UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
AST (UTC-4)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code
ISO 3166 codeNL
Internet TLD.nl, .bq[h]
a.^ The official motto is in French. The literal translation into English is "I will maintain"; a better translation, however, is "I will hold firm" or "I will uphold" (namely, the integrity and independence of the territory).[original research?]
b.^In 1816 the motto was abbreviated to "God zij met ons" (Dutch). (Used on the edges of coins.)
c.^ While Amsterdam is the constitutional capital, The Hague is the seat of the government.
d.^West Frisian has official status in Friesland.[6]Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised as regional languages by the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Papiamento is recognised by the Dutch government in relation to Bonaire, and English in relation to both Sint Eustatius and Saba.[7]
e.^ The euro is used in the European part of the Netherlands and replaced the Dutch guilder in 2002. The US dollar is used in the Caribbean Netherlands and replaced the Netherlands Antillean guilder in 2011.[8]
f.^ CET and CEST are used in the European Netherlands, and AST is used in the Caribbean Netherlands.
g.^ 599 was the country code designated for the now dissolved Netherlands Antilles. The Caribbean Netherlands still use 599–7 (Bonaire), 599–3 (Sint Eustatius) and 599–4 (Saba).
h.^.nl is the common internet top level domain name for the Netherlands. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states. .bq is designated, but not in use, for the Caribbean Netherlands.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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