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Nauru Geography Profile 2017

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LocationOceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, south of the Marshall Islands
Geographic coordinates0 32 S, 166 55 E
Map referencesOceania
Areatotal: 21 sq km
land: 21 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeabout 0.1 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline30 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical with a monsoonal pattern; rainy season (November to February)
Terrainsandy beach rises to fertile ring around raised coral reefs with phosphate plateau in center
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed elevation along plateau rim 61 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, fish
Land useagricultural land: 20%
arable land 0%; permanent crops 20%; permanent pasture 0%
forest: 0%
other: 80% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardsperiodic droughts
Environment - current issueslimited natural freshwater resources, roof storage tanks collect rainwater but mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant; a century of intensive phosphate mining beginning in 1906 - mainly by a UK, Australia, and NZ consortium - left the central 90% of Nauru a wasteland and threatens limited remaining land resources
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - noteworld's smallest island country; situated just 53 km south of the Equator; Nauru is one of the three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean - the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017