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Namibia Demographics Profile 2016

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Population2,436,469
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 37.39% (male 460,016/female 451,058)
15-24 years: 20.35% (male 246,266/female 249,570)
25-54 years: 34% (male 395,417/female 432,994)
55-64 years: 4.25% (male 46,769/female 56,798)
65 years and over: 4.01% (male 41,518/female 56,063) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 67.3%
youth dependency ratio: 61.4%
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9%
potential support ratio: 17% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 21 years
male: 20.2 years
female: 21.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.98% (2016 est.)
Birth rate27.9 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 46.7% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.16% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationWINDHOEK (capital) 368,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.74 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.5
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 36.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 38.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 63.6 years
male: 62.1 years
female: 65.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate3.36 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate55.1% (2006/07)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate13.34% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS210,800 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,100 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.2% of population
rural: 84.6% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.8% of population
rural: 15.4% of population
total: 9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 54.5% of population
rural: 16.8% of population
total: 34.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 45.5% of population
rural: 83.2% of population
total: 65.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Namibian(s)
adjective: Namibian
Ethnic groupsblack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups include Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
ReligionsChristian 80% to 90% (at least 50% Lutheran), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
LanguagesOshiwambo languages 48.9%, Nama/Damara 11.3%, Afrikaans 10.4% (common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population), Otjiherero languages 8.6%, Kavango languages 8.5%, Caprivi languages 4.8%, English (official) 3.4%, other African languages 2.3%, other 1.7%
note: Namibia has 13 recognized national languages, including 10 indigenous African languages and 3 Indo-European languages (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.9%
male: 79.2%
female: 84.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2006)
Education expenditures8.3% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate265 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight13.2% (2013)
Health expenditures8.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.37 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density2.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate16.8% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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