Flag of Namibia

Namibia Demographics Profile 2014

Home > Factbook > Countries > Namibia

Population2,198,406
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 31.7% (male 352,368/female 345,593)
15-24 years: 23.1% (male 256,965/female 251,276)
25-54 years: 35.9% (male 410,736/female 378,678)
55-64 years: 4.8% (male 47,832/female 58,602)
65 years and over: 4.4% (male 41,697/female 54,659) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 64.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 58.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9 %
potential support ratio: 17 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 22.8 years
male: 22.8 years
female: 22.8 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate0.67% (2014 est.)
Birth rate20.28 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.6 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 38.4% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.14% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationWINDHOEK (capital) 380,000 (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.4
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006-07 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 45.64 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 48.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 42.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 51.85 years
male: 52.22 years
female: 51.46 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate2.25 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate55.1% (2006/07)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate13.3% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS220,100 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths5,000 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 98.4% of population
rural: 87.4% of population
total: 91.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.6% of population
rural: 12.6% of population
total: 8.3% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 56.1% of population
rural: 16.9% of population
total: 32.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 43.9% of population
rural: 83.1% of population
total: 67.8% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Namibian(s)
adjective: Namibian
Ethnic groupsblack 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%
note: about 50% of the population belong to the Ovambo tribe and 9% to the Kavangos tribe; other ethnic groups include Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%
ReligionsChristian 80% to 90% (at least 50% Lutheran), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20%
LanguagesOshiwambo languages 48.9%, Nama/Damara 11.3%, Afrikaans 10.4% (common language of most of the population and about 60% of the white population), Otjiherero languages 8.6%, Kavango languages 8.5%, Caprivi languages 4.8%, English (official) 3.4%, other African languages 2.3%, other 1.7%
note: Namibia has 13 recognized national languages, including 10 indigenous African languages and 3 Indo-European languages (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 88.8%
male: 89%
female: 88.5% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2006)
Education expenditures8.4% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight17.5% (2007)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.37 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density2.7 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate9.5% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014