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Mozambique Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSoutheastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Geographic coordinates18 15 S, 35 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 799,380 sq km
land: 786,380 sq km
water: 13,000 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than five times the size of Georgia; slightly less than twice the size of California
Land boundariestotal: 4,783 km
border countries (6): Malawi 1,498 km, South Africa 496 km, Swaziland 108 km, Tanzania 840 km, Zambia 439 km, Zimbabwe 1,402 km
Coastline2,470 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical to subtropical
Terrainmostly coastal lowlands, uplands in center, high plateaus in northwest, mountains in west
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 345 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Monte Binga 2,436 m
Natural resourcescoal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Land useagricultural land: 56.3%
arable land 6.4%; permanent crops 0.3%; permanent pasture 49.6%
forest: 43.7%
other: 0% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,180 sq km (2012)
Natural hazardssevere droughts; devastating cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces
Environment - current issuesincreased migration of the population to urban and coastal areas with adverse environmental consequences; desertification; pollution of surface and coastal waters; elephant poaching for ivory is a problem
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notethe Zambezi River flows through the north-central and most fertile part of the country

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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