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Morocco Geography Profile 2017

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LocationNorthern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Western Sahara
Geographic coordinates32 00 N, 5 00 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 446,550 sq km
land: 446,300 sq km
water: 250 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly more than three times the size of New York; slightly larger than California
Land boundariestotal: 2,362.5 km
border countries (3): Algeria 1,900 km, Western Sahara 444 km, Spain (Ceuta) 8 km, Spain (Melilla) 10.5 km
note: an additional 75-meter border segment exists between Morocco and the Spanish exclave of Penon de Velez de la Gomera
Coastline1,835 km
Maritime claimsterritorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
ClimateMediterranean, becoming more extreme in the interior
Terrainmountainous northern coast (Rif Mountains) and interior (Atlas Mountains) bordered by large plateaus with intermontane valleys, and fertile coastal plains
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 909 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Sebkha Tah -55 m
highest point: Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m
Natural resourcesphosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt
Land useagricultural land: 67.5%
arable land 17.5%; permanent crops 2.9%; permanent pasture 47.1%
forest: 11.5%
other: 21% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land14,850 sq km (2012)
Population distributionthe highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts; a number of densely populated agglomerations are found scattered through the Atlas Mountains
Natural hazardsnorthern mountains geologically unstable and subject to earthquakes; periodic droughts
Environment - current issuesland degradation/desertification (soil erosion resulting from farming of marginal areas, overgrazing, destruction of vegetation); water supplies contaminated by raw sewage; siltation of reservoirs; oil pollution of coastal waters
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Environmental Modification
Geography - notestrategic location along Strait of Gibraltar; the only African nation to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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