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Mongolia Demographics Profile 2016

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Population3,031,330 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.92% (male 416,053/female 399,954)
15-24 years: 16.76% (male 256,897/female 251,160)
25-54 years: 45.45% (male 667,509/female 710,116)
55-64 years: 6.68% (male 92,781/female 109,768)
65 years and over: 4.19% (male 51,691/female 75,401) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.6%
youth dependency ratio: 41.7%
elderly dependency ratio: 6%
potential support ratio: 16.7% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.9 years
male: 27.1 years
female: 28.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate1.25% (2016 est.)
Birth rate19.6 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate6.3 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-0.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 72% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 2.78% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationULAANBAATAR (capital) 1.377 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 0.69 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth20.5
note: median age at first birth among women 20-24 (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 21.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 18.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 69.6 years
male: 65.4 years
female: 74.1 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate2.13 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate54.9% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.02% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS400 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 59.2% of population
total: 64.4% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 40.8% of population
total: 35.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 66.4% of population
rural: 42.6% of population
total: 59.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 33.6% of population
rural: 57.4% of population
total: 40.3% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian
Ethnic groupsKhalkh 81.9%, Kazak 3.8%, Dorvod 2.7%, Bayad 2.1%, Buryat-Bouriates 1.7%, Zakhchin 1.2%, Dariganga 1%, Uriankhai 1%, other 4.6% (2010 est.)
ReligionsBuddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, other 0.4%, none 38.6% (2010 est.)
LanguagesKhalkha Mongol 90% (official), Turkic, Russian (1999)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.2%
female: 98.6% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 106,203
percentage: 18% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures4.6% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate44 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.6% (2013)
Health expenditures4.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.84 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Hospital bed density6.8 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate15.7% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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