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Mongolia Demographics Profile 2013

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Population3,226,516 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.9% (male 442,850/female 425,017)
15-24 years: 19% (male 311,460/female 302,286)
25-54 years: 44.5% (male 716,893/female 719,508)
55-64 years: 5.5% (male 85,545/female 93,234)
65 years and over: 4% (male 56,241/female 73,482) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 45.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 39.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
potential support ratio: 18.1 (2013)
Median agetotal: 26.9 years
male: 26.5 years
female: 27.3 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate1.44% (2013 est.)
Birth rate20.34 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate5.98 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 68.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 2.81% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationULAANBAATAR (capital) 949,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 34.78 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 37.66 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 31.76 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 68.95 years
male: 66.46 years
female: 71.56 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate2.18 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate55% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 500 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 53% of population
total: 82% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 47% of population
total: 18% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 64% of population
rural: 29% of population
total: 51% of population
unimproved:
urban: 36% of population
rural: 71% of population
total: 49% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Mongolian(s)
adjective: Mongolian
Ethnic groupsMongol (mostly Khalkha) 94.9%, Turkic (mostly Kazakh) 5%, other (including Chinese and Russian) 0.1% (2000)
ReligionsBuddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% (2004)
LanguagesKhalkha Mongol 90% (official), Turkic, Russian (1999)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97.4%
male: 96.8%
female: 97.9% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 106,203
percentage: 18 % (2005 est.)
Education expenditures5.5% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate63 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight5.3% (2005)
Health expenditures5.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density2.763 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density6.8 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate14.4% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013