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Mali Geography Profile 2013

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Locationinterior Western Africa, southwest of Algeria, north of Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire, and Burkina Faso, west of Niger
Geographic coordinates17 00 N, 4 00 W
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 1,240,192 sq km
land: 1,220,190 sq km
water: 20,002 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly less than twice the size of Texas
Land boundariestotal: 7,243 km
border countries: Algeria 1,376 km, Burkina Faso 1,000 km, Guinea 858 km, Cote d'Ivoire 532 km, Mauritania 2,237 km, Niger 821 km, Senegal 419 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatesubtropical to arid; hot and dry (February to June); rainy, humid, and mild (June to November); cool and dry (November to February)
Terrainmostly flat to rolling northern plains covered by sand; savanna in south, rugged hills in northeast
Elevation extremeslowest point: Senegal River 23 m
highest point: Hombori Tondo 1,155 m
Natural resourcesgold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower
note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Land usearable land: 5.53%
permanent crops: 0.1%
other: 94.37% (2011)
Irrigated land2,358 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources100 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 6.55 cu km/yr (9%/1%/90%)
per capita: 545.4 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazardshot, dust-laden harmattan haze common during dry seasons; recurring droughts; occasional Niger River flooding
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; soil erosion; desertification; inadequate supplies of potable water; poaching
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; divided into three natural zones: the southern, cultivated Sudanese; the central, semiarid Sahelian; and the northern, arid Saharan

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013