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Mali Demographics Profile 2016

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Population17,467,108 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 47.27% (male 4,145,290/female 4,110,642)
15-24 years: 19.19% (male 1,601,474/female 1,751,161)
25-54 years: 26.82% (male 2,173,415/female 2,511,844)
55-64 years: 3.76% (male 327,923/female 329,296)
65 years and over: 2.95% (male 257,519/female 258,544) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 100.2%
youth dependency ratio: 95.1%
elderly dependency ratio: 5%
potential support ratio: 19.8% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 16.2 years
male: 15.5 years
female: 16.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate2.96% (2016 est.)
Birth rate44.4 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate12.6 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-2.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 39.9% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 5.08% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBAMAKO (capital) 2.515 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.8
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2012/13 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 100 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 106.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 93.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 55.8 years
male: 53.9 years
female: 57.7 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate5.95 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate10.3% (2012/13)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1.25% (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS124,200 (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths6,500 (2015 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 96.5% of population
rural: 64.1% of population
total: 77% of population
unimproved:
urban: 3.5% of population
rural: 35.9% of population
total: 23% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 37.5% of population
rural: 16.1% of population
total: 24.7% of population
unimproved:
urban: 62.5% of population
rural: 83.9% of population
total: 75.3% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Malian(s)
adjective: Malian
Ethnic groupsBambara 34.1%, Fulani (Peul) 14.7%, Sarakole 10.8%, Senufo 10.5%, Dogon 8.9%, Malinke 8.7%, Bobo 2.9%, Songhai 1.6%, Tuareg 0.9%, other Malian 6.1%, from member of Economic Community of West African States 0.3%, other 0.4% (2012-13 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, Bobo 2.1%, unspecified 0.7%, other 6.3%
note: Mali has 13 national languages in addition to its official language (2009 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 38.7%
male: 48.2%
female: 29.2% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 9 years
female: 7 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,485,027
percentage: 36% (2010 est.)
Education expenditures4.3% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate587 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight27.9% (2006)
Health expenditures6.9% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density0.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate5.7% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016

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