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Mali Demographics Profile 2013

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Population15,968,882 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 47.7% (male 3,824,877/female 3,794,196)
15-24 years: 19% (male 1,439,032/female 1,587,072)
25-54 years: 26.6% (male 1,980,766/female 2,270,676)
55-64 years: 3.7% (male 297,365/female 295,495)
65 years and over: 3% (male 240,681/female 238,722) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 100.7 %
youth dependency ratio: 95.1 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 %
potential support ratio: 17.9 (2013)
Median agetotal: 16 years
male: 15.4 years
female: 16.6 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate3.01% (2013 est.)
Birth rate46.06 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate13.55 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-2.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.77% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBAMAKO (capital) 1.628 million (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.6 (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 106.49 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 113.23 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 99.56 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 54.55 years
male: 52.75 years
female: 56.41 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate6.25 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate8.2% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS76,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,400 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 87% of population
rural: 51% of population
total: 64% of population
unimproved:
urban: 13% of population
rural: 49% of population
total: 36% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 35% of population
rural: 14% of population
total: 22% of population
unimproved:
urban: 65% of population
rural: 86% of population
total: 78% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Malian(s)
adjective: Malian
Ethnic groupsMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
ReligionsMuslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 Census)
LanguagesFrench (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, unspecified 0.6%, other 8.5%
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 33.4%
male: 43.1%
female: 24.6% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 8 years
male: 8 years
female: 7 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,485,027
percentage: 36 % (2010 est.)
Education expenditures4.8% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate540 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight27.9% (2006)
Health expenditures6.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.083 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density0.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.3% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013