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Mali Demographics Profile 2014

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Population16,455,903 (July 2014 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 47.6% (male 3,931,818/female 3,899,535)
15-24 years: 19% (male 1,489,830/female 1,638,995)
25-54 years: 26.7% (male 2,042,666/female 2,348,337)
55-64 years: 3.7% (male 307,167/female 306,470)
65 years and over: 3% (male 246,084/female 245,001) (2014 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 100.9 %
youth dependency ratio: 95.4 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.5 %
potential support ratio: 18.2 (2014 est.)
Median agetotal: 16 years
male: 15.4 years
female: 16.7 years (2014 est.)
Population growth rate3% (2014 est.)
Birth rate45.53 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Death rate13.22 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate-2.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 34.9% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.77% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBAMAKO (capital) 2.037 million (2011)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 1.01 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2014 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.6
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2006 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 104.34 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 111.04 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 97.44 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 54.95 years
male: 53.12 years
female: 56.83 years (2014 est.)
Total fertility rate6.16 children born/woman (2014 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate8.2% (2006)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.9% (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS100,300 (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,900 (2012 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 90.9% of population
rural: 54.2% of population
total: 67.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9.1% of population
rural: 45.8% of population
total: 32.8% of population (2012 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 35.3% of population
rural: 14.5% of population
total: 21.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 64.7% of population
rural: 85.5% of population
total: 78.1% of population (2012 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
respiratory disease: meningococcal meningitis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Malian(s)
adjective: Malian
Ethnic groupsMande 50% (Bambara, Malinke, Soninke), Peul 17%, Voltaic 12%, Songhai 6%, Tuareg and Moor 10%, other 5%
ReligionsMuslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 Census)
LanguagesFrench (official), Bambara 46.3%, Peul/foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, unspecified 0.6%, other 8.5%
note: Mali has 13 national languages in addition to its official language
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 33.4%
male: 43.1%
female: 24.6% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,485,027
percentage: 36 % (2010 est.)
Education expenditures4.8% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate540 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight27.9% (2006)
Health expenditures6.8% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.08 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density0.1 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.3% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of August 23, 2014