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Maldives Geography Profile 2014

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LocationSouthern Asia, group of atolls in the Indian Ocean, south-southwest of India
Geographic coordinates3 15 N, 73 00 E
Map referencesAsia
Areatotal: 298 sq km
land: 298 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeabout 1.7 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries0 km
Coastline644 km
Maritime claimsmeasured from claimed archipelagic straight baselines
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climatetropical; hot, humid; dry, northeast monsoon (November to March); rainy, southwest monsoon (June to August)
Terrainflat, with white sandy beaches
Elevation extremeslowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on Viligili in the Addu Atholhu 2.4 m
Natural resourcesfish
Land usearable land: 10%
permanent crops: 10%
other: 80% (2011)
Irrigated land0 sq km NA (2003)
Total renewable water resources0.03 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 0.01 cu km/yr (95%/5%/0%)
per capita: 18.44 cu m/yr (2008)
Natural hazardstsunamis; low elevation of islands makes them sensitive to sea level rise
Environment - current issuesdepletion of freshwater aquifers threatens water supplies; global warming and sea level rise; coral reef bleaching
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notesmallest Asian country; archipelago of 1,190 coral islands grouped into 26 atolls (200 inhabited islands, plus 80 islands with tourist resorts); strategic location astride and along major sea lanes in Indian Ocean

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on June 30, 2015