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Maldives Demographics Profile 2016

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Population392,960 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 21.21% (male 42,513/female 40,824)
15-24 years: 21.29% (male 48,319/female 35,360)
25-54 years: 47.63% (male 107,152/female 80,031)
55-64 years: 5.48% (male 10,749/female 10,799)
65 years and over: 4.38% (male 8,012/female 9,201) (2016 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.4%
youth dependency ratio: 40.5%
elderly dependency ratio: 6.9%
potential support ratio: 14.4% (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 27.8 years
male: 27.8 years
female: 27.8 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate-0.07% (2016 est.)
Birth rate16 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate3.9 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate-12.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 45.5% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 4.49% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMALE (capital) 156,000 (2014)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.37 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.34 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.87 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.9
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 22.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 25.2 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 20.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.6 years
male: 73.3 years
female: 78 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate1.73 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate34.7% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.01% (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 100 (2013 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2013 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 97.9% of population
total: 98.6% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 2.1% of population
total: 1.4% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 97.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 2.1% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Maldivian(s)
adjective: Maldivian
Ethnic groupsSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
ReligionsSunni Muslim (official)
LanguagesDhivehi (official, dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English (spoken by most government officials)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.3%
male: 99.8%
female: 98.8% (2015 est.)
Education expenditures5.2% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate68 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight17.8% (2009)
Health expenditures13.7% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.42 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density4.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate7% (2014)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on October 8, 2016