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Maldives Demographics Profile 2013

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Population393,988 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 21.1% (male 42,352/female 40,686)
15-24 years: 24.2% (male 56,016/female 39,443)
25-54 years: 46% (male 108,025/female 73,074)
55-64 years: 4.5% (male 9,379/female 8,431)
65 years and over: 4.2% (male 7,961/female 8,621) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 50.8 %
youth dependency ratio: 43.3 %
elderly dependency ratio: 7.4 %
potential support ratio: 13.4 (2013)
Median agetotal: 26.7 years
male: 27 years
female: 26.2 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate-0.11% (2013 est.)
Birth rate15.38 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate-12.65 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 41.2% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.91% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationMALE (capital) 120,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.44 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.53 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 1.34 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth23.9
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2009 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 25.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 27.95 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 22.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 74.92 years
male: 72.65 years
female: 77.31 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate1.78 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate34.7% (2009)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsfewer than 100 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 98% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 2% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 97% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 3% of population (2010 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Maldivian(s)
adjective: Maldivian
Ethnic groupsSouth Indians, Sinhalese, Arabs
ReligionsSunni Muslim (official)
LanguagesDhivehi (official, dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English (spoken by most government officials)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.4%
male: 98.4%
female: 98.4% (2006 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2003)
Education expenditures7.2% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate60 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight17.8% (2009)
Health expenditures8.5% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density1.595 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Hospital bed density4.3 beds/1,000 population (2009)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate12.9% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013