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Malawi Geography Profile 2014

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LocationSouthern Africa, east of Zambia, west and north of Mozambique
Geographic coordinates13 30 S, 34 00 E
Map referencesAfrica
Areatotal: 118,484 sq km
land: 94,080 sq km
water: 24,404 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly smaller than Pennsylvania
Land boundariestotal: 2,857 km
border countries: Mozambique 1,498 km, Tanzania 512 km, Zambia 847 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatesub-tropical; rainy season (November to May); dry season (May to November)
Terrainnarrow elongated plateau with rolling plains, rounded hills, some mountains
Elevation extremeslowest point: junction of the Shire River and international boundary with Mozambique 37 m
highest point: Sapitwa (Mount Mlanje) 3,002 m
Natural resourceslimestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Land usearable land: 30.38%
permanent crops: 1.1%
other: 68.52% (2011)
Irrigated land735 sq km (2006)
Total renewable water resources17.28 cu km (2011)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)total: 1.36 cu km/yr (11%/4%/86%)
per capita: 99.86 cu m/yr (2005)
Natural hazardsNA
Environment - current issuesdeforestation; land degradation; water pollution from agricultural runoff, sewage, industrial wastes; siltation of spawning grounds endangers fish populations
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - notelandlocked; Lake Nyasa, some 580 km long, is the country's most prominent physical feature; it contains more fish species than any other lake on earth

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on June 30, 2015

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