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Malawi Demographics Profile 2013

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Population16,777,547 (July 2013 est.)
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected
Age structure0-14 years: 44.7% (male 3,754,206/female 3,738,521)
15-24 years: 20.6% (male 1,723,098/female 1,725,326)
25-54 years: 28.5% (male 2,422,642/female 2,364,137)
55-64 years: 3.6% (male 269,058/female 327,158)
65 years and over: 2.7% (male 192,928/female 260,473) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 94.1 %
youth dependency ratio: 87.9 %
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2 %
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2013)
Median agetotal: 17.3 years
male: 17.2 years
female: 17.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.74% (2013 est.)
Birth rate39.98 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate12.54 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 15.7% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 4.2% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBlantyre 856,000; LILONGWE (capital) 821,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.82 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth18.9
note: Median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2010 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 76.98 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 80.99 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 72.91 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 52.78 years
male: 51.95 years
female: 53.62 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate5.26 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate46.1% (2010)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate11% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS920,000 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths51,000 (2009 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95% of population
rural: 80% of population
total: 83% of population
unimproved:
urban: 5% of population
rural: 20% of population
total: 17% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 49% of population
rural: 51% of population
total: 51% of population
unimproved:
urban: 51% of population
rural: 49% of population
total: 49% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact disease: schistosomiasis
animal contact disease: rabies (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Malawian(s)
adjective: Malawian
Ethnic groupsChewa 32.6%, Lomwe 17.6%, Yao 13.5%, Ngoni 11.5%, Tumbuka 8.8%, Nyanja 5.8%, Sena 3.6%, Tonga 2.1%, Ngonde 1%, other 3.5%
ReligionsChristian 82.7%, Muslim 13%, other 1.9%, none 2.5% (1998 census)
LanguagesChichewa (official) 57.2%, Chinyanja 12.8%, Chiyao 10.1%, Chitumbuka 9.5%, Chisena 2.7%, Chilomwe 2.4%, Chitonga 1.7%, other 3.6% (1998 census)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 74.8%
male: 81.1%
female: 68.5% (2010 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2011)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 993,318
percentage: 26 % (2006 est.)
Education expenditures5.4% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate460 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight13.8% (2010)
Health expenditures8.4% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.019 physicians/1,000 population (2008)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate4.3% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013