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Macedonia Geography Profile 2017

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LocationSoutheastern Europe, north of Greece
Geographic coordinates41 50 N, 22 00 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 25,713 sq km
land: 25,433 sq km
water: 280 sq km
Area - comparativeslightly larger than Vermont
Land boundariestotal: 838 km
border countries (5): Albania 181 km, Bulgaria 162 km, Greece 234 km, Kosovo 160 km, Serbia 101 km
Coastline0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatewarm, dry summers and autumns; relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
Terrainmountainous with deep basins and valleys; three large lakes, each divided by a frontier line; country bisected by the Vardar River
Elevation extremesmean elevation: 741 m
elevation extremes: lowest point: Vardar River 50 m
highest point: Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit) 2,764 m
Natural resourceslow-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 44.3%
arable land 16.4%; permanent crops 1.4%; permanent pasture 26.5%
forest: 39.8%
other: 15.9% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land1,280 sq km (2012)
Population distributiona fairly even distribution throughout most of the country, with urban areas attracting larger and denser populations
Natural hazardshigh seismic risks
Environment - current issuesair pollution from metallurgical plants
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - notelandlocked; major transportation corridor from Western and Central Europe to Aegean Sea and Southern Europe to Western Europe

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

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