Flag of Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein Geography Profile 2017

Home > Factbook > Countries > Liechtenstein

LocationCentral Europe, between Austria and Switzerland
Geographic coordinates47 16 N, 9 32 E
Map referencesEurope
Areatotal: 160 sq km
land: 160 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparativeabout 0.9 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundariestotal: 75 km
border countries (2): Austria 34 km, Switzerland 41 km
Coastline0 km (doubly landlocked)
Maritime claimsnone (landlocked)
Climatecontinental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers
Terrainmostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third
Elevation extremesmean elevation: NA
elevation extremes: lowest point: Ruggeller Riet 430 m
highest point: Vorder-Grauspitz 2,599 m
Natural resourceshydroelectric potential, arable land
Land useagricultural land: 37.6%
arable land 18.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 18.8%
forest: 43.1%
other: 19.3% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land0 sq km (2012)
Population distributionmost of the population is found in the western half of the country along the Rhine River
Natural hazardsNA
Environment - current issuesNA
Environment - international agreementsparty to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea
Geography - notealong with Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world; variety of microclimatic variations based on elevation

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on July 9, 2017

Geography Comparison